2017 Conservative Leadership

Conservative Leadership

Disclaimer

The below summary is incomplete. Check back for updates as we will be continuously editing it. Click on the table to help orient yourself.

Step 1: Write off a few candidates

Step 2: Narrow it down to your important issues

Step 3: Pick your leader

Chris Alexander

Chris Alexander

Maxime Bernier

Maxime Bernier

Steven Blaney

Steven Blaney

Michael Chong

Michael Chong

Kelly Leitch

Kellie Leitch

Pierre Lemieux

Pierre Lemieux

Deepak Obhrai

Deepak Obhrai

Kevin O'Leary

Kevin O’Leary

(dropped out April 21, 2017; endorses Maxime Bernier)
Erin O'Toole

Erin O’Toole

Rick Peterson

Rick Peterson

Lisa Raitt

Lisa Raitt

Andrew Saxton

Andrew Saxton

Andrew Scheer

Andrew Scheer

Brad Trost

Brad Trost

Economy
  • Promises to lower taxes, including the corporate income tax and the small business tax (1, 3)
  • Plans to increase fiscal responsibility by limiting government spending (1)
  • Would foster growth in the private sector and small businesses by investing in front-line workers, reducing red tape, and putting services online (1)
  • To facilitate the free movement of goods and people across provinces, he promises to build political will among Canadians, standardize provincial requirements for goods, and pull down other trade barriers (1, 2)
  • Would renew NAFTA to ensure free trade is efficient, including resolving the softwood lumber issue, creating a Canada-US customs union, and adding other countries–such as the UK–to join (1)
  • Supports TPP (1)
  • Supports pipeline construction as a safe and economically responsible way to bolster the economy while consulting communities, including indigenous communities, along the way (2)
  • Would encourage Canadian universities to become incubators of new companies to support the government in energy and defence, and to increase Canada’s role on the world stage (2)
  • Would make the first budget an “investment budget,” which would lower small business taxes, reduce corporate tax from 15% to 10%, and abolish the capital gains tax (1, 2)
  • Promises to end corporate welfare, which he argues would save $16B/year and offset lost revenues from lowering taxes (1, 2, 3).
  • Would balance the budget by cutting and limiting government spending, and by privatizing airports and Canada Post (1, 2)
  • Promises to take provinces to court if they don’t respect the constitutional rights of free trade and free movement of people and goods inside Canada (1)
  • Supports TPP, arguing that all free trade contributes to good relations, good economies, and peace with other nations (1)
  • Supports pipeline construction to strengthen Canada’s economy (2)
  • Proposes investing more into the private sector to grow the economy (2)
  • Believes Canada should standardize workers’ qualifications across provinces (2)
  • Promises to eliminate supply management to lower prices for consumers (3)
  • Would review equalization payments to encourage each region to develop its resources (22)
  • Would balance the budget within two years of taking office (21)
  • Would reduce federal income tax to 15% for people earning $15,001-100,000, and to 25% on income >$100,000. First $15,000 would be tax free (21)
  • Promises to implement debt reduction legislation (21)
  • Pledges to liberalise trade with as many countries and regions as possible (21)
  • Would freeze equalization payments and reveiw the equalization formula (28)
  • Promises to reduce the small business tax rate by 20% to create growth (1)
  • Plans to balance the budget by cutting spending (1)
  • Would maintain Canada-US trade, and expand trade to Chinese and Indian markets (1)
  • Supports TPP (1)
  • Plans to end supply management for dairy farmers and the forestry industry, which requires resolving the Softwood Lumber Agreement (1)
  • Would remove the current National Energy Board team charged with assessing pipelines (2)
  • Supports the Energy East pipeline to create jobs (2)
  • Promises to lower electricity bills by investing in nuclear and hydroelectricity energy, which he argues will support small- and medium-sized businesses (2)
  • Believes the best solution for youth unemployment is to create a favourable economic environment (2)
  • Would put measures in place to support forestry workers around the country (3)
  • Believes Canada needs more Ice Breakers (22)
  • Promises, in the first budget, to cut personal income taxes by 10% (equal to $14.9B), cut corporate taxes by 5% across the board (equal to $1.9B), and simplify the income tax system by “flattening it.” (1, 2)
  • Would revise the effectiveness of all government programs to reduce the federal deficit, and convince American policymakers do the same (1)
  • Supports TPP because it will reduce trade barriers, but will include provincial and municipal governments in this discussion (1)
  • Believes the solution to mass unemployment is to enhance earned income tax benefits (1)
  • Promises to convince the US to sign the Convention on the High Seas to recognize Canada’s territorial claim to the Arctic and its resources (1)
  • Would ensure that Canada and the USA align on infrastructure banks and trade in the Asian Pacific, as well as military and diplomatic challenges in South China seas (1)
  • Would double the working income tax benefit to help low income families, spur job creation, encourage older Canadians to stay in the workforce, and encourage young Canadians to join the workforce (2)
  • Promises to call upon central mortgages and housing to finance small and medium enterprises (2)
  • Would privatize some Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation’s mortgage businesses to encourage banks to lend to small businesses, and to make housing more affordable (23)
  • Would pay for the corporate and personal income tax cuts by implementing a revenue-neutral federal carbon tax (23)
  • Promises to cap government spending to balance the budget (1, 2)
  • Would grow the private sector by shrinking the public sector (1, 2)
  • Plans to provide tax relief for households making $75,000 and below annually (1)
  • Believes in eliminating domestic trade barriers (1)
  • Promises to work closely with the USA, but be tough in NAFTA negotiations to ensure Canada gets what it needs (1)
  • Supports TPP (1)
  • Supports the Energy East pipeline to support the middle class, reduce dependency on foreign oil, diversity exports, and create jobs (2)
  • Promises to abolish the CBC (4)
  • Supports pipeline construction as an environmentally responsible way to promote jobs, use Canadian energy, and facilitate exports (2)
  • Would lower business taxes to help create jobs (2, 3)
  • Promises that seniors who want to work will have jobs (2)
  • Plans to use the economic blueprint from the 2008 Harper Government (1)
  • Would balance the budget through job creation and spending cuts (1)
  • Would create an economic climate conducive to investment so farmers and businesspeople can export overseas (1)
  • Plans to talk to congress (not Donald Trump) about the benefits of NAFTA, and would not renegotiate NAFTA on Trump’s terms (1, 2)
  • Supports TPP to balance out the other trade agreements China is signing with its partners (1)
  • Supports the Energy East pipeline to create jobs (2)
  • Promises to invest in education to strengthen the economy (2)
  • Would encourage Canadians to start their own enterprises by providing access to capital and reducing bureaucracy (2)
  • Pledges to reduce government expenditures by 2% in his first two years as PM (22)
  • Promises to reduce the capital gains tax by 25% (22)
  • Would increase income tax from 34% to 35% for those earning over $500,000 (22)
  • Supports equalization payments (22)
  • Would get rid of the BDC and make a new institution with a lower threshold to qualify for small business loans (22)
  • Promises to end corporate welfare (27)
  • Would cut regulation and lower taxes (22)
  • Would balance the budget by communicating priorities to Canadians and controlling spending accordingly (1)
  • Plans to reduce trade barriers on particular goods domestically and internationally (1)
  • Promises to renegotiate TPP in Canada’s favour, ensuring there is no protectionism in Asia, Europe, or the USA (1)
  • Supports the Energy East pipeline to create jobs and stimulate the economy (2)
  • Would prefer to refine Canada’s own resources at home than import them (2)
  • Proposes to use the Temporary Foreign Worker Program to fill acute agriculture shortages, while focusing Canadian growth on skilled jobs instead (2)
  • Would ensure Canadians receive proper education and training to offset the country’s ageing population and eliminate the “brain drain” of youth (2)
  • Promises to cut lowest income tax rate from 15 to 13% and the top rate from 33% to 31% (16)
  • Would cut the small business tax to 9% (16)
  • Would give young people a $100,000 Basic Personal Exemption over the first three years after post-secondary graduation, or $200,000 over five years for students who just acquired ‘skills in short supply” (16)
  • Promises to reduce or eliminate corporate income tax and eliminate new income taxes, which he argues will add $40B to the economy and create a fairer entrepreneurial environment for women (2, 3, 22)
  • Plans to stimulate investments to create jobs and reduce the size of government (2)
  • Pledges to implement a 15% income tax rate regardless of income (22)
  • Promises to improve skills and qualification recognition across provinces (1)
  • Would manage government departmental spending to ensure to immediately pay down the deficit (1)
  • Plans to encourage job creation by lowering taxes, cutting red tape, and pursuing international trade (1, 2)
  • Believes the federal government should lead by example in eliminating trade barriers with other states, which would force provinces to sign onto them as well (1)
  • Supports TPP (1)
  • Prefers not to renegotiate NAFTA because it has done so much good for Canada (1)
  • Proposes that investing in the resource industry will fuel job creation (1)
  • Supports the construction of pipelines, including Energy East and other infrastructure (2)
  • Promises to offer workers and women relevant training as well as paid internships in the public and private sectors and in different countries (2)
  • Would offset health costs by encouraging Canadians to keep active and including ergonomic considerations in the Canadian Labour Code (2)
  • Promises to invest in Canadian ports to ensure producers can get resources to market (2)
  • Is concerned that the Ballast Water Treaty will cease all shipping in the Great Lakes by Canadian shippers (2)
  • Would ensure employers in infrastructure companies doing work for the government provide training for “kids under a certain age” (22)
  • Suggests decentralizing government jobs to other parts of the country (22)
  • Plans to create jobs and reduce dependence on temporary foreign workers by cutting red tape and by matching skills training programs with market needs (1, 2)
  • Pledges to balance the budget and start paying off the national debt by freezing government spending (1, 3)
  • Would eliminate interprovincial and international trade borders, especially with Asia and Europe, to reduce Canada’s dependence on the US (1, 2)
  • Supports TPP, even without the US as a partner (1)
  • Supports the construction of pipelines, including Energy East and other infrastructure projects (2)
  • Would encourage growth in small and medium enterprises by cutting taxes and red tape (2)
  • Promises to bring back income splitting (3)
  • Would simplify the tax system and eliminate new taxes brought in under the Liberal government (2, 3)
  • Promises to double the Home Buyer’s Plan (3)
  • Would create a broad national apprenticeship program similar to that of Switzerland that includes more than just skilled trades (22)
  • Would reject carbon taxes and payroll taxes as well as reduce corporate tax to attract international business (1, 3)
  • Promises to prioritize job creation by spending money at home instead of abroad, minimizing government spending, and stimulating the private sector (1)
  • Plans to implement an internal Free Trade Act to ensure that goods and skilled workers can move freely (1)
  • Supports TPP (1)
  • Believes Canada should put pressure on US industry to ensure the President agrees with free trade as well (1)
  • Supports pipeline construction to transport resources and create jobs (2)
  • Would prioritize Canadian workers over temporary foreign workers in times of high unemployment (2)
  • Promises to tackle inflation to protect seniors’ savings and pension plans (2)
  • Plans to sign a new forestry agreement with the US and stop the misinformation being spread about the industry by environmental groups (3)
  • Would name a Québécois to be head of the Department of Economic Development of Quebec (3)
  • Promises to balance the budget within 2 years of taking office (30)
  • Would end ‘corporate welfare’ and not bail out businesses (30)
  • Would remove GST from home heating (30)
  • Pledges to make Employment Insurance, Parental Benefits, and Materinity Benefits tax-free (34)
  • Pledges to introduce a tax credit to families who send their children to independent schools or home school then (34)
  • Promises to lower payroll tax, income tax, and the capital gains tax (1)
  • Believes Canada should renegotiate NAFTA quickly and professionally to ensure Canada is prioritized over Mexico and China (1)
  • Would reduce the federal deficit by growing the economy, limiting government spending, working closely with the US, eliminating corporate welfare, and eliminating funding for the CBC (1)
  • Plans to negotiate with the provinces to eliminate trade barriers (1)
  • Believes TPP is dead, so Canada should focus on trade with traditional partners like Great Britain and Japan (1)
  • Supports Energy East to create jobs (2)
  • Promises to make use of Canada’s natural resources, including oil and shale gas, to grow the economy (2)
Citizenship and Immigration
  • Plans to match immigrants with employers who need their skills, and ensure that immigrants have what they need to settle into Canada (1)
  • Believes that lower taxes will attract immigration to all regions of the country (2)
  • Promises to bring in 70% of immigrants from the economic class, and would only cut economic immigration if Canadian unemployment fell below 7% (1)
  • Would use the express entry program to rank people on skills, language, and work experience (1)
  • Believes there is a Canadian identity into which immigrants want to integrate (3)
  • Argues that screening tests for immigrants are a waste of time as “they will just lie to our faces” (3)
  • Believes immigration policies should be tied to the economic interests of our country (1, 3)
  • More resources should go to security screening agencies and to the Department of Immigration to conduct interviews ensuring new immigrants are respecting Canadian values (1, 3)
  • Believes the federal government must work with the provinces on immigration since it is shared jurisdiction (3)
  • Believes the private sector should be the driver behind opportunities for new immigrants (3)
  • Wants to take around 250,000 immigrants per year, as under Harper (3)
  • Does not believe that Illegal immigration is an issue in Canada like it is in the US (2)
  • Believes that immigrants should master French or English, learn about Canadian culture, and adopt Canadian values (21)
  • Pledges to work with provinces and municipalities, who feel the burden of new Canadians (1)
  • Would ensure immigration policies reinforce Canadian identity (1)
  • New Canadians must understand our core, shared principles (equality between men and women, rule of law, liberty, and freedom). This will help them to integrate (1)
  • Believes people should uncover their faces for voting and the citizenship ceremony (1)
  • Would reduce the number of refugees (3)
  • Believes immigration policy must be based on Canada’s economic interest (1)
  • Argues that the Harper government’s immigrant screening processes were effective at protecting Canadians (1)
  • Plans to create jobs and grow the economy to help immigrants integrate (1)
  • Argues that an immigrant values test would prevent the Conservative Party’s election in perpetuity, and that it amounts to race-baiting (2, 3)
  • Promises to protect Canadian values by requiring face-to-face interviews and screening immigrants, arguing that “screening immigrants for Canadian values is not racist, xenophobic, or anti-immigrant… This is common sense.” (1,2, 3)
  • Believes Canada has a unified identity (1)
  • Believes Canada’s natural resources are part of its shared identity (1)
  • Promises to reduce immigration levels to put an emphasis on security (3)
  • Believes a succesful candidate for immigration must be able to speak one or more official languagess (3)
  • Favours standardized professional requirements to fast-track immigrants’ integration into the workforce (22)
  • Would not ban the niqab during citizenship ceremonies or otherwise, arguing people should have the freedom to choose whether to wear it (1)
  • Believes that “a Canadian is a Canadian is a Canadian,” and that there is no single face of a Canadian (1)
  • Believes the principles in the Charter of Rights and Freedom attract immigrants (2)
  • Believes that “Donald Trump’s divisive social policy on immigration has no room in Canada” (1)
  • Believes immigration levels must be stable and should not fluctuate between elections so Canada can stop hiring bureaucrats to manage the changes (3)
  • Plans to match skilled immigrants with workplaces (1, 3)
  • Believes that immigrants need to continue to be screened for security (1)
  • Promises to work on foreign credential recognition and language supports for immigrants (1)
  • Supports provinces’ desire to control their own immigration (3)
  • Would add more RCMP resources to police the Canada-US border against illegal migrants (4)
  • Would fix loopholes in the Safe Third Country Agreement with the US (16)
  • Believes the Conservative Party risks losing the immigrant vote with talk of values screening (3)
  • Plans to finance border security agencies within a balanced budget (3)
  • Believes immigration policy should not focus on numbers, but on the percentage of economic immigrants, family reunifications, and refugees (1)
  • Argues that job creation helps immigrants integrate peacefully, since people come to Canada for jobs and security (1)
  • Believes that immigration offsets Canada’s small population to fill the jobs that are not already being filled (1,3)
  • Argues that Express Entry will bring people in with the right skills (1)
  • Would accept around 250,000 immigrants per year, as under Harper  (3)
  • Argues that Canada should focus on security and the integration of immigrants (3)
  • Believes that immigration offsets Canada’s small population to help grow the economy (1,3)
  • Promises to fix immigration levels based on economic indicators of what Canadian society needs (1)
  • Would focus on ensuring that immigrants “embrace what makes Canada great” (1)
  • Plans to work with provinces and NGOs to assist in transitioning new immigrants (1)
  • Promises to close loopholes for illegitimate refugees to Canada from the US border (4)
  • Believes immigration policy should be built on Canada’s economic needs (1)
  • Argues that Canada should select immigrants “who choose Canada, not those use Canada, so we can put Canada first” (1)
  • Would make immigration policy more local to allow regions to be flexible about foreign workers (2)
  • Promises to halt immigration from “pro-radical Islam” regions (3)
  • Plans to attract immigrants by growing the economy, and believes immigration will contribute to economic growth (2)
  • Believes Canada can integrate immigrants without large government spending if it uses private partnerships and accepts immigrants with ready-to-use skills (1)
Environment/Energy
  • Opposes carbon taxes, arguing they hurt the most vulnerable by raising prices, killing jobs and reducing investments in oil, especially when combined with “subsidies for so-called green energy sources” (1, 2)
  • Plans to incentivize the private sector to reduce emissions on their own terms (1)
  • Supports pipeline construction to bring Canadian resources to every market, and believes pipelines are compatible with environmental protections (1)
  • Promises to support low-cost energy “in every field” (22)
  • Plans to protect all Canadian energy sources including nuclear, clean tech, and hydroelectricity (1, 2)
  • Believes Canada should broaden the environmental debate to include the high seas, rainforests, carbon sinks, and wildlife (1)
  • Opposes carbon taxes, arguing they will put Canada at a trade disadvantage, and because they are not revenue-neutral (1)
  • Would incentivize private-sector innovations to reduce emissions (1)
  • Supports pipeline construction because it is safer for the environment and population, and because he supports the constitutional freedoms of trade and commerce in the constitution (1)
  • Proposes the federal government support the transition to alternative energy sources “by reducing taxes, barriers to innovation and competition, and ineffective and costly regulation” (21)
  • Believes Canada should grow its economy to better deal with climate change later rather than “hurting our economy now” (21)
  • Opposes carbon taxes (1)
  • Proposes carbon-capture technologies as a solution to GHG emissions (1)
  • Supports pipeline construction and improved rail safety measures to transport natural resources safely (1)
  • Believes Canada needs to work its with allies to reduce GHGs,  arguing that Canada is already absorbing half of its GHG emissions (1)
  • Would increase hydro and nuclear energy production (22)
  • Plans to reduce emissions through a revenue-neutral carbon tax, with revenues put toward income tax cuts and a new federal transfer to the provinces (1, 4, 23)
  • Would suspend or eliminate the GHG component of transportation regulations if the carbon price achieved sufficient GHG reductions (23)
  • Would eliminate the Accelerated Capital Cost Allowance and many clean-energy related programs, initiatives in favour of a carbon tax (23)
  • Supports building East-West pipelines if Indigenous communities are consulted (2)
  • Promises to meet Canada’s commitment to reduce emissions by 30% by 2030 (4)
  • Pledges to reduce GHG emissions by 30% of 2005 levels by 2030 (23)
  • Promises to abolish the current carbon tax, arguing it fails to create prosperity or jobs (2,3)
  • Proposes carbon-capture technologies as a solution to GHG emissions (1)
  • Promises to build pipelines as soon as she becomes Prime Minister, arguing pipelines create jobs and are safer than trucks or trains (1)
  • Plans to increase penalties for, and ensure charges are laid against, ”those engaging in acts of violence and/or vandalism designed to disrupt natural resource development” (25)
  • Would classify environmental lobbying as a political activity (25)
  • Supports the use of carbon capture technology to reduce GHGs (1)
  • Promises to abolish the carbon tax, arguing it burdens the Canadian economy, kills jobs, and decreases businesses’ international competitiveness (2,3)
  • Supports pipeline construction as an environmentally responsible way to promote jobs, use Canadian energy, and facilitate exports (2)
  • Opposes carbon taxes, arguing Canada only produces 1.6% of global emissions (1)
  • Proposes to recycle nuclear waste for fuel rather than burying it (1)
  • Believes that the threat of climate change should be addressed through green innovation, and by reducing, reusing, and recycling waste (1)
  • Believes nuclear energy is a solution to climate change (4)
  • Supports the use of Fast Neutron Reactors to generate electricity through nuclear waste to reduce emissions (26)
  • Would immediately get rid of the carbon tax (19)
  • Believes Canada is “not the problem” for GHG emissions, arguing it absorbs four times more carbon than it emits (22)
  • Would reduce transfer payments to any provincial government that imposes a carbon tax (6)
  • Plans to set carbon goals for industries and encourage  them to innovate (22)
  • Wants to sell Canada’s technology to China and India to solve GHG emissions problems (22)
  • Opposes carbon taxes, arguing they hurt Canadian families, small businesses, and industries, and won’t help the environment (1)
  • Promises to create tax incentives for the largest emitters if they can reduce their GHG emissions without sacrificing employment or production over a 10-, 15-, or 20-year period (16, 22)
  • Would create research grants to advance and cut the costs of green technology in priority areas, especially carbon sequestration (16)
  • Would fund research to advance non-GHG emitting energy technology (16)
  • Promises to provide tax incentives for large emitters to reduce their GHG emissions (16)
  • Pledges to create a $5 million “Brian Mulroney Prize for Green Technology Innovation” to encourage research at universities and companies (16)
  • Opposes carbon taxes, arguing they are ineffective and cannot be revenue neutral  (22)
  • Proposes green mining, technology to convert pulp and paper, biofuels, and improved efficiencies as ways to reduce GHGs (1)
  • Opposes carbon taxes, arguing they don’t create jobs and that emissions can be reduced through other means (1, 3, 22)
  • Believes Canada needs to balance the marketization of energy goods with the environment by preventing oil spills and improving rail safety (1)
  • Opposes carbon taxes, arguing they will only shift emissions–and industry–to the USA and Mexico (1, 2, 22)
  • Proposes carbon-capture technologies as a solution to GHG emissions (1)
  • Proposes a North American-wide solution to reduce emissions and combat climate change (1, 22)
  • Favours carbon-capture technologies to combat the GHG problem (1)
  • Supports the construction of all proposed pipelines as the safest means of getting oil to international markets in addition to the USA (1)
  • Promises to create a transportation corridor to get energy resources to tidal waters (4)
  • Would create an “own the podium” program for innovation and technology (22)
  • Opposes carbon taxes, arguing it will be easier to manufacture automobiles and resource industry products without a punitive tax (1)
  • Plans to stop Canada from dumping sewage into its waters and soil (1)
  • Believes Canada should export carbon-capture technologies and small nuclear reactors to other countries to reduce their emissions (1)
  • Is concerned about the lack of focus on aspects of the environment other than GHG emissions (1)
  • Would increase tax credits for innovation in sustainable resource development (30)
  • Promises to end the “war on oil and gas and coal” (1)
  • Pledges to end all “back-door” environmental regulations, including cap-and-trade and carbon tax (1)
  • Plans to stop Canada from dumping sewage into its waters and soil (1)
  • Believes climate change is more of a political issue than a scientific issue, and that man-made GHGs are not a priority (1)
  • Supports the construction of pipelines (1)
  • Believes Canada should transfer money to local politicians to let them decide which environmental issues to address (22)
Defence, Military, and Veterans
  • Plans to offer the Canadian Forces’ help to the US in combatting terrorism around the world (3)
  • Promises to defend Canadian values at home and abroad (3)
  • Would impose a severe system of sanctions against Iran and other “state sponsors of terrorism” (3)
  • Believes that Canada’s defence budget should be doubled (2)
  • Would instate an independent procurement agency (4)
  • Would recommit the armed forces to the fight against terrorism in the Middle East (4)
  • Believes Canada must respect its NATO commitment to spend 2% of its GDP on its military (4)
  • Believes Canada must respect its NATO commitment to spend 2% of its GDP on its military (3)
  • Believes the UN is dysfunctional, saying it has disproportionately condemned Isreal (21)
  • Pledges to only use the military when Canada’s strategic interests are affected and Canadians’ safety is in at stake (21)
  • Would review Canada’s foreign aid spending, cutting items with no morality or efficiency rationale (21)
  • Would put in place an anti-radicalization centre (3)
  • Plans to start a joint RCMP/CSIS task force to protect against terrorist threats (3)
  • Believes Canada must respect its NATO commitment to spend 2% of its GDP on its military (4)
  • Would ensure that Canada and the USA align their fight against terrorism (1)
  • Believes Canada must respect its NATO commitment to spend 2% of its GDP on its military (3)
  • Believes Canada must respect its NATO commitment to spend 2% of its GDP on its military (3, 4)
  • Believes arctic sovereignty is a priority (4)
  • Promises that Canada’s defence and security agencies will have the funding they require (3)
  • Believes Canada must respect its NATO commitment to spend 2% of its GDP on its military (4)
  • Believes Canada must defend against home-grown terrorism, “be it Islamic radicalization or white supremacists” (22)
  • Would patrol the border with drones instead of manned aircraft to save money (20)
  •  Promises to double military spending, focusing on equipment (1, 4)
  • Believes Canada must respect its NATO commitment to spend 2% of its GDP on its military (3)
  • Promises that Canada’s defence and security agencies will have the funding they require (3)
  • Believes Canada must respect its NATO commitment to spend 2% of its GDP on its military (3)
  • Would provide “the tools and power” to security agencies to fight terrorism while protecting civil liberties (3)
  • Believes Canada must respect its NATO commitment to spend 2% of its GDP on its military (4)
  •  Would recommit the armed forces to the fight against terrorism in the Middle East (4)
  • Would use money saved from streamlining the department of defence into equipping “front line troops” (4)
  • Would prioritize troop deployment in Eastern Europe and support political change in Russia (30)
  • Pledges to stand with Israel and work to stop the expansion of Iranian influence (30)
  • Promises to strengthen ties with India and other Asian democracies (30)
  • Promises to halt immigration from “pro-radical Islam” regions (3)
  • Raise military spending by 0.1% per year and prioritize equipment (4)
Agriculture
  • Favours a free-market system to create competition for railcars, and would ensure that railways move product in all weather (1)
  • Supports supply management to allow farmers to collectively negotiate their prices (3)
  • Believes a free-market agriculture sector, with no supply management on any goods, would provide farmers and consumers the services they want (1)
  • Argues that a pipeline will create spin-off effects for farmers so they will not have to rely on Ottawa for their needs (1)
  • Would reduce the federal farm tax from 15% to 10% (21)
  • Supports supply management to stop diafiltered milk entering Canada, and argues that eliminating supply management would be dogmatic (1,3)
  • Favours a free market system to ensure that adequate railcars are available for farmers (1)
  • Supports supply management (3)
  • Believes free trade will ensure that Canadians have better access to agricultural goods (1)
  • Supports supply management, and would only change the Conservatives’ stance on supply management after consulting Conservative members (1, 3)
  • Supports supply management (3)
  • Believes Canada should open up foreign markets for Canadian agricultural products (3)
  • Believes Canada should build infrastructure to sell its agricultural products overseas (1)
  • Favours a free-market agricultural system to ensure Canadian farmers get their grain to market (1)
  • Supports supply management (3)
  • Supports supply management (3)
  • Would eliminate taxes on the revenues of agricultural products (3)
  • Plans to implement the Harper Government’s review of the free-market transportation system for farmers (1)
  • Promises to build infrastructure to get agricultural products to market through Canada’s four ports (1)
  • Believes free trade deals should protect the interests of Canadian producers (3)
  • Promises to invest in infrastructure to get agricultural products to market (1)
  • Supports supply management, and argues it would cost between $35 – $40 million to get rid of the system (3)
  • Believes that investing in pipelines and railways will build capacity for grain farmers as well (1)
  • Supports supply management (3)
  • Would increase efficiency in grain shipping through overseas trade deals, investments in infrastructure, and more robust shippers’ rights (1)
Justice, Crime, and Gun Control
  • Supports mandatory minimum sentences to focus on crime prevention and protecting victims (2)
  • Believes a fair justice system would be concerned with crime prevention, victims’ rights (especially women’s rights), as well as swift and accessible justice
  • Would reinstate the law to strip citizenship from those convicted of serious offences (3)
  • Pledges more resources for police to fight guns and gangs (4)
  • Promises criminals receiving life sentences will serve the full sentence (4)
  • Opposes the long-gun registry (4)
  • Would create an independent firearms agency to regulate guns (4)
  • Believes the system is already in place to handle the influx of people crossing the border (4)
  • Believes a fair justice system would protect victims and the public at large, and rehabilitate prisoners (2)
  • Supports mandatory minimum sentences “when we need them” (22)
  • Promises that those committing odious crimes will face severe sentencing (2)
  • Promises to regulate guns based only on their length (4)
  • Believes a fair justice system would put victims first and be tough on criminals (4, 22)
  • Promises to use the notwithstanding clause to put an end to “two for one sentences” and “revolving door” prisons, since the Supreme Court blocked Conservative attempts to do so (2)
  • Would reinstate the law to strip citizenship from those convicted of serious offences (3)
  • Believes Canada needs more judges (22)
  • Promises to abolish the time limits for court cases awaiting trial so that all accused criminals stand trial (22)
  • Opposes the long-gun registry and C-68 (Allan Rock) Firearms Regulations (4)
  • Promises to create an ombudsperson for gun registry and a simplified classification system (4)
  • Would extend firearms licenses from 5 to 10 years (4)
  • Believes a fair justice system would aim to deter and rehabilitate prisoners and reintegrate them into society as productive citizens (2, 22)
  • Supports mandatory minimum sentencing for violent crimes (22)
  • Would not reinstate the law to strip citizenship from those convicted of serious offences, arguing it was a reason the Conservatives lost the last election (3)
  • Pledges to protect the rights of law-abiding hunters and sport-shooters to use firearms (4)
  • Plans to review the “onerous” Authorization to Transport (ATT) regulations (4)
  • Believes the system is already in place to handle the influx of people crossing the border (4)
  • Promises to legalize mace and pepper spray, which will help protect Canadians (especially women) from sexual assault (2)
  • Supports mandatory minimum sentencing (22)
  • Would reinstate the law to strip citizenship from those convicted of serious offences (3)
  • Pledges to treat guns as personal property, using “objective,” not “subjective” regulation (4)
  • Believes the people crossing the border from the US are breaking the law and should be sent back (4)
  • Believes a fair justice system to protect the victims of crime (22)
  • Would reinstate the law to strip citizenship from those convicted of serious offences (3)
  • Promises to review the Firearms Act to fight crime, not gun owners (4)
  • Pledges to introduce a mandated gun-ownership advocate to combat government firearm regulation (4)
  • Opposes judicial activism (4, 22)
  • Would amend the Safe Third Country agreement with the US to make it harder for people crossing at non-designated locations to stay in the country (4)
  • Believes a fair justice system would ensure the punishment fits the crime and would protect the victims of crime, especially against pedophiles and sexual assaults (2, 22)
  • Would not reinstate the law to strip citizenship from those convicted of serious offences (3)
  • Promises to ensure that Wynn’s Law passes (4)
  • Pledges to implement a Victim’s Bill of Rights (4)
  • Pledges to abolish the time limits for court cases awaiting trial so that all accused criminals stand trial (22)
  • Would amend the Safe Third Country agreement with the US to make it harder for people crossing at non-designated locations to stay in the country (4)
  • Refuses to criticize Canada’s justice system, arguing it is strong and effective compared to many other countries’ (22)
  • Believes a fair justice system must protect victims of crime by ensuring incarceration for violent criminals and sexual offenders (2)
  • Supports mandatory minimum sentences (2)
  • Believes a fair justice system protect against violence against women, protect the public, and provide justice for the victim (2)
  • Would reinstate the law to strip citizenship from those convicted of serious offences (3)
  • Believes Canada must deploy more RCMP resources to rural communities to reduce crime (4)
  • Promises to repeal and rewrite the Firearms Act within 180 days (4)
  • Would amend the Safe Third Country agreement with the US to make it harder for people crossing at non-designated locations to stay in the country (4)
  • Would enact harsher penalties for drug related offences, especially trafficking (16)
  • Pledges to use the notwithstanding clause to categorize intentional harm causing death as “second-degree murder” if it occurs during the commission of an underlying offence, such as robbery (16)
  • Would change the Not Criminally Responsible designation to ensure that its those who are given it “do not escape justice or walk free after a short period of time” (16)
  • If marijuana is legal when O’Toole takes office, he’d ensure that police have a means of detecting impairment by it (16)
  • Promises to appoint new judges within 45 days of a vacancy occuring (16)
  • Believes a fair justice system would ensure stringent sentencing (2)
  • Would reinstate the law to strip citizenship from those convicted of serious offences if there were enough support in caucus (3)
  • Promises to reinforce and upgrade the arms and ability of front-line RCMP officers (22)
  • Pledges to rewrite the Firearms Act within 90 days (4)
  • Believes Canadians should speak more candidly about mental health in the justice system (2)
  • Pledges to provide better front-line training for victims, especially for victims of sexual assault (22)
  • Promises to fix the backlog in family law courts (2)
  • Would not reinstate the law to strip citizenship from those convicted of serious offences as it was a reason the Conservatives lost the last election (3)
  • Believes a close relationship between the Prime Minister and Canadian police forces can lower crime (4)
  • Favours a repealed long-gun registry (4)
  • Believes a fair justice system would protect child victims of assault and put the rights of victims before the rights of criminals, and ensure that the punishment fits the crime (2, 22)
  • Open to reinstating the law to strip citizenship from those convicted of serious offences, but believes it was a reason the Conservatives lost the last election (3)
  • Opposes the long-gun registry, arguing criminals don’t register their guns (4)
  • Pledges to abolish the time limits for court cases awaiting trial so that all accused criminals stand trial (4)
  • Pledges to create an ombudsperson to regulate guns (4)
  • Promises to repeal the Firearms Marking Regulations (4)
  • Would amend the Safe Third Country agreement with the US to make it harder for people crossing at non-designated locations to stay in the country (4)
  • Believes a fair justice system would support the victims of crime and ensure tough sentencing, especially for repeat offenders (22)
  • Supports mandatory minimum sentencing (2)
  • Would focus on toughening the criminal justice rather than reinstating the law to strip criminals of their Canadian citizenship (3)
  • Would amend the Safe Third Country agreement with the US to make it harder for people crossing at non-designated locations to stay in the country (4)
  • Opposes marijuana legalization (30)
  • Promises to reinstate and enforce the laws struck down by the Liberals and the courts using the notwithstanding clause (2, 4)
  • Plans to spend more money on prisons to provide single cells for inmates so they do not join gangs while in jail (2)
  • It would not be a priority to reinstate the law to strip citizenship from those convicted of serious offences (3)
  • Promises to entirely repeal C-68 (Allan Rock) Gun Regulations and remove UN marking on firearms (4)
  • Pledges to make it easier for off-duty RCMP to carry firearms (4)
  • Favours Canada-wide authorization for transport (4)
Health
  • Believes that Canada’s public, universal healthcare system must evolve to meet the needs of today’s citizens (1)
  • Plans to facilitate innovation within the system (1)
  • Promises to reduce waiting times, and that ensure everyone has access to a family doctor and to quality healthcare services (2)
  • Would prioritize mental health support (22)
  • Promises to increase the number of healthcare professionals available (22)
  • Opposes judicial activism (22)
  • Promises to reduce wait times by transferring tax points, not money, to provinces (2,3)
  • Would promote private-sector innovation in the healthcare system to ensure provinces have the flexibility to provide healthcare (3)
  • Believes Canada should have a mixed private/public system like in Europe, Japan, and Australia (3)
  • Believes the federal government must protect provincial jurisdiction in matters of health (2,3, 22)
  • Does not believe the federal government or big companies should be allowed to impose conditions on healthcare transfers to the provinces (2)
  • Pledges to explore innovative means of providing mental health care to reduce strains on law enforcement (22)
  • Proposes to increase healthcare transfers to provinces by a predictable 6% each year, to enable long-term planning and give provinces the ability to fix problems in their own jurisdiction (2)
  • Supports the Canada Health Act as it currently exists (22)
  • Promises a patient-focused, highly accessible approach to health, not based on the squabbles of government over transfer payments (2)
  • Pledges to fund specific programs such as palliative care and pain management research so that nobody has to consider assisted suicide or euthanasia (2)
  • Promises not to force medical professionals to provide euthanasia (22)
  • Would implement an incorporated approach to healthcare with the provinces, including equalization payments (2)
  • Supports initiatives for mental health, seniors, alternative medicine, and  best practices (22)
  • Pledges to create a national agency to standardize medical professional regulations (22)
  • Believes Canada must increase accessibility to affordable drugs and initiate a dialogue on pharmacare (22)
  • Believes Canada must grow the economy at 3% per year to fully fund healthcare (22, 27)
  • Pledges to guarantee fair access to healthcare for each province, particularly rural regions and those with declining populations, by incentivizing professionals to work in these regions (1, 22)
  • Believes that immigration and economic development will provide provinces adequate healthcare support (2)
  • Promises never to phase out equalization or transfer tax points (22)
  • Promises to increase health transfer payments “as much as possible” (2)
  • Plans to boost provincial revenues, which will ensure that seniors and children get the healthcare they need (2)
  • Believes Canada needs more private-sector presence in healthcare (22)
  • Promises to focus attention on “forgotten Canadians” by looking at mental health, opiates, improving waiting times, and increased care (2)
  • Pledges to work across government departments to improve supports for mental health (22)
  • Believes that wait times are too long and that Canada spends money with no results (2)
  • Believes that patients should determine how and when they get their treatment (2)
  • Is open to a private-delivery system of healthcare (22)
  • Does not believe in a centralized government, and would not let the federal government block provincial innovation in healthcare (2)
  • Endorses the Kirby Commission on mental health, and would increase supports for veterans’ mental health care (22)
  • Believes healthcare transfers to the provinces should be clear and regular, with fewer strings attached, more affordability, and more universalization (2, 3)
  • Believes the federal government must respect provincial jurisdiction in healthcare transfers (2, 3)
  • Would reduce red tape to encourage foreign-trained doctors to settle in regions that need them (22)
Indigenous Issues
  • Promises to settle outstanding land claims across Canada (3)
  • Would focus Indigenous policy on issues such as housing, education, and potable water across reserves (3)
  • Pledges to back education in native languages and support First Nations culture (3)
  • Would ensure there is enough money to provide adequate services, such as potable water, on reserves (3)
  • Believes Indigenous people should be allowed to have property rights on reserves (3)
  • Would provide Indigenous people equal opportunity in order to reduce violence in their communities, especially violence against women (1)
  • Promises to abolish the Indian Act so Indigenous people can meet their full economic potential (1)
  • Would dismantle the reservation system in Canada (3, 4)
  • Would introduce an independent body to ensure Canadian rights and liberties are respected (3)
  • Promises to invest more in Indigenous education (3)
  • Pledges to improve Indigenous people’s economic opportunity to reduce crime rates (4)
  • Believes that policy for Indigenous people should focus on education and employment (3)
  • Pledges to work with industry to find jobs that can fill the needs of Indigenous people(3)
  • Would ensure the provinces have enough resources to provide adequate services for Indigenous people (3)
  • Promises to include Indigenous people in resource projects from the beginning (3)
  • Would give Indigenous people property rights on their reserves (3)
  • Believes Canada should focus on job creation in the private sector rather than increasing expenses to solve First Nations’ issues (3)
  • Would bring back the transparency law for First Nations spending (3)
  • Promises to abolish the Indian Act to allow Indigenous people to engage in free enterprise (3)
Society
  • Has not clearly stated his position on abortion, gay-marraige, and doctor-assisted suicide (36)
  • Has not clearly stated his position on abortion, but supprts MPs ability to table bills on the subject (36, 37)
  • Supports same sex marriage (36)
  • Opposes doctor-assisted suicide (36)
  • Has not clearly stated his position on abortion (36)
  • Supports same sex marriage (36)
  • Would only support doctor-assisted death if it was implemented under a very strict framework (36)
  • Has not clearly stated his position on abortion, but has indicated he would not re-visit the issue (36)
  • Supports same-sex marriage (36)
  • Supports doctor-assisted suicide and the current legislation in place around it (36)
  • Has indicated that she is pro-life but would not introduce any legislation to revisit the issue (36)
  • Supports same-sex marriage (36)
  • Opposes doctor-assisted suicide (36)
  • Is pro-life (35, 36)
  • Opposes gay-marriage (35, 36)
  • Opposes doctor-assisted suicide (36)
  • Has not clearly stated his position on abortion (36)
  • Supports same sex marriage (36)
  • Supports the current legislation relating to doctor-assisted suicide (36)
  • Has not clearly stated his position on abortion, but has indicated he would not re-visit the issue (36)
  • Supports same-sex marriage (36)
  • Does not support doctor-assisted suicide (36)
  • Is pro-choice (36)
  • Supports same-sex marriage (36)
  • Supports doctor-assisted suicide (36)
  • Is pro-choice (36)
  • Supports same-sex marriage (36)
  • Supports doctor-assisted suicide (36)
  • Has taken no clear position on abortion, same-sex marriage, or doctor-assisted suicide (36)
  • Would add property rights to the Charter of Rights and Freedoms (30)
  • Promises to withold federal funding from universities that “do not foster a culture of free speech” (30)
  • Personally opposes same-sex marriage but would not re-open or legislate on the issue (32, 33)
  • Personally opposes abortion, but would not re-open or legislate on the issue (35)
  • Is pro-life (35, 36)
  • Opposes gay marriage (35, 36)
  • Opposes doctor-assisted suicide (36)
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