Energy East is a proposed pipeline by the Trans-Canada Corporation that would transport approximately 1.1 million barrels per day from oil fields in Alberta and Saskatchewan to refineries in eastern Canada and then to a marine terminal in New Brunswick. The pipeline would benefit oil producers, allowing them to gain access to international buyers, and create jobs during the pipeline’s construction, as well as in eastern oil refineries and prairie oil fields. (1, 2)
The pipeline would cross the traditional territories of over 180 aboriginal communities, with whom stakeholders are legally bound to consult about any major infrastructure project within their lands, although many communities oppose the pipeline due to potential damage to their lands and lack of consultation from the company (3, 4). Others across Canada oppose the greatly increased carbon emissions that the project would lead to, estimated by the Pembina Institute to release around 30 to 32 million tonnes of annual emissions, and the high environmental risk with few benefits for the rest of Canada (4, 5, 12).
Pipelines that cross provincial boundaries are subject to a federal environmental review process by the National Energy Board that then issues a recommendation to the federal cabinet who make the final decision. Provinces can conduct their own reviews, which are then considered in the National Energy Board process. (6)