2019 Federal Election

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2019 Federal Election

Disclaimer

The policies outlined below are incomplete and will be updated as we approach the election so be sure to check in with us before the big day. This was put together by humans and is therefore imperfect. If you spot something missing or that appears biased please let us know through the “bull” button. Thank you, and happy choosing!
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1. Choose which parties to compare

  • Liberal Party
  • Conservative Party
  • NDP
  • Bloc Quebecois
  • Green Party
  • People’s Party of Canada

2. Choose which issues matter to you

  • Abortion
  • Arts, Media & Culture
  • Climate Change & the Environment
  • Electoral Reform
  • Families
  • Foreign Aid
  • Foreign Policy
  • Gun Control
  • Healthcare
  • Housing
  • Pipelines
  • Refugees & Asylum Seekers
  • Telecommunications
  • Trade

3. Choose the policies that you like below.
Then view your selection in My Platform

Liberal Party Logo

Liberal Party Platform

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Conservative Party Logo

Conservative Party Platform

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NDP Logo

NDP Party Platform

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Bloc Quebecois Logo

Bloc Quebecois Party Platform

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Green Party Logo

Green Party Platform

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People's Party Logo

People's Party of Canada Party Platform

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Liberal

Abortion

  • Do not permit party MPs to vote freely on abortion (62)
  • Prohibited funds from the Canada Summer Jobs Program from being given to groups that actively campaign against abortion; this was amended in 2018 to require that both the group’s core mandate and the job they want to use federal funds to fill respect the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, as well as other rights (65,66)

Conservative

Abortion

  • Permit party MPs to vote freely on abortion (58,59,64)
  • Promise to not reopen the debate on abortion (59,62)

NDP

Abortion

  • Do not permit party MPs to vote freely on abortion (62)
  • Ensure that provinces make medical and surgical abortion available without barriers in all parts of the country, and that contraceptives and reproductive healthcare are accessible at no cost (61)

Bloc

Abortion

  • Support a woman’s right to choose (63)

Green

Abortion

  • Do not whip votes; therefore, party MPs would be permitted to vote freely on abortion, as with any other issue, but the MP would risk being ousted from the party for doing so (62)
  • Oppose any attempts to limit access to abortion (62)

PPC

Abortion

  • Permit party MPs to vote freely on abortion (60)
  • Have no official party-wide stance on abortion (6)

Liberal

Arts, Media & Culture

  • Reversed cuts to CBC funding by the previous Conservative government by committing a total of $675 million in additional funding by 2021 (94)
  • Commit $20 million to the Canada Music Fund, $16 million to the Canada Arts Presentation Fund, and $24 million to the Building Communities Through Arts and Heritage program and the Celebration and Commemoration Program in the 2019 budget (93)

Conservative

Arts, Media & Culture

  • Ensure that the CBC focuses more on Canadian stories and investigate the impact of the CBC’s advertising revenue on private media companies (96)

NDP

Arts, Media & Culture

  • Increase funding for CBC and Radio-Canada (91)
  • Require Netflix, Facebook, Google, and other digital media companies to pay taxes, support Canadian content in both official languages, and take responsibility for what appears on their platforms (91)
  • Provide financial support for Indigenous theatre at the National Arts Centre (92)
  • Allow income tax averaging for artists and cultural workers (92)

Bloc

Arts, Media & Culture

  • Impose a 3% tax on web giants, such as Google, Apple, Facebook, and Amazon (89)
  • Impose GST on online ads and put a portion of the revenue into a fund for print media (89)
  • Increase the budget for Telefilm Canada and maintain a minimum of $300 million in indexed annual funding for the Council for the Arts (81)
  • Require platforms like Apple Music, Spotify, and Netflix to more prominently feature Québécois content (81)
  • Exempt the purchase of books from GST (81)

Green

Arts, Media & Culture

  • Increase funding to the CBC and Radio-Canada by $315 million per year until the per-capita level of funding is equal to that of the BBC (90)
  • Require social media platforms to collect GST on advertising (90)
  • Increase funding to all of Canada’s arts and culture organizations, including the Canada Council for the Arts, the National Film Board of Canada, and Telefilm Canada (90)
  • Reform antitrust laws to enable the breakup of media conglomerates (90)
  • Create tax credits that encourage the donation and restoration of heritage properties (90)

PPC

Arts, Media & Culture

  • Defund the CBC completely (95)

Liberal

Climate Change and the Environment

  • Set a minimum carbon price this year of $20 per tonne, increasing by $10 per year until 2022, and imposed a carbon tax on businesses and individuals in provinces with no federally approved carbon price plan. All funds raised are returned directly to people in those provinces (120,123)
  • Reduce emissions by an estimated 30 megatonnes by 2030 (150)
  • Set legally binding five-year milestones based on consultations with experts, and attain net-zero emissions by 2050 (150,159,173)
  • Phase out coal power by 2030, though Nova Scotia will receive an extension (121,123)
  • Phase out fossil fuel subsidies by 2025 (123,124,125)
  • Halve corporate taxes over the next three years for companies that develop zero-emissions technology (161)
  • Require federal buildings to be completely powered by green electricity by 2022 (161)
  • Ban single-use plastics as soon as 2021 (122,123)
  • Plant two billion trees over the next decade, including the creation of urban forests (150)
  • Conserve 25% of Canada’s land and oceans habitats by 2025, working towards 30% by 2030 (151)
  • Expand Parks Canada’s Learn to Camp program for students below grade 8 (151)
  • Create a national Experience Canada program, which would annually help up to 75,000 lower-income families spend up to four days in one of Canada’s national or provincial parks by providing camping accommodations and a travel bursary of up to $2,000 (151)
  • Participated in the September 27 Montreal climate strike event (152,153)

Conservative

Climate Change and the Environment

  • Oppose any form of carbon tax (123,163)
  • Require companies that emit more than 40 kilotonnes of greenhouse gases per year to invest a set amount per tonne into private-sector research and development of green technology in their industry (162,179)
  • Create a green investment standards certification to assess green technology companies for potential investors (162)
  • Create a green patent credit to reduce the tax rate from 15% to 5% on income that is generated from green technology developed and patented in Canada (162)
  • Create a two-year green homes tax credit, allowing homeowners to receive a 20% refundable income tax credit for energy-saving home renovations that cost between $1,000 and $20,000 (162)
  • Foster the adoption of smart grid technology and the interconnection of electricity grids in order to connect remote communities to clean power, increasing the percentage of Canada’s electricity that comes from green energy (162)
  • Expand exportation of Canadian green energy technology through increased green bonds and accelerated capital cost allowances to replace dirtier foreign energy sources (162)
  • Approve pipeline projects and reassert federal jurisdiction over pipeline construction (189)
  • Is considering cutting fossil fuel subsidies (123,124)
  • Re-establish the Hunting and Angling Advisory Panel that gave hunting, angling, and conservation groups input on environmental stewardship policies and programs (162)
  • Did not participate in any September 27 climate strike event (152,153)

NDP

Climate Change and the Environment

  • Continue carbon pricing, including rebates to eligible households (164)
  • Legislate greenhouse gas emission reduction targets to make them in line with the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s recommendation (164)
  • Power Canada with net–carbon-free electricity by 2030, and move to 100% non-emitting electricity
  • by 2050 (164)
  • Establish a new climate bank, capitalized with $3 billion by the federal government to spur investment in the low-carbon economy and provide financing for interested provinces to connect power grids and introduce smart grid technology (164)
  • Eliminate fossil fuel subsidies (164)
  • Create a climate accountability office to conduct audits on progress towards climate goals (165)
  • Ensure that federal buildings use renewable energy and are carbon neutral by 2030 (164)
  • Make federal government vehicle fleets electric by 2025, choosing made-in-Canada technology whenever possible (164)
  • Revise the national building code by 2030 to ensure that every new building be a net-zero energy building (164)
  • Create a low-interest loan program for retrofitting homes repayable through energy savings (164)
  • Create a funding mechanism to support the electrification of public transit and other municipal fleets by 2030 (164)
  • Create a $5,000 purchase incentive for zero-emission vehicles, with an additional break waiving the federal sales tax for working families (164)
  • Participated in the September 27 Victoria climate strike event (152,153)

Bloc

Climate Change and the Environment

  • Reintroduce a bill giving Quebec the power to accept or reject projects under federal jurisdiction relating to land use planning and environmental protection (163)
  • Create a green equalization formula in which carbon tax revenue from provinces with higher per-capita greenhouse gas emissions is redistributed to provinces with lower emissions (163)
  • Introduce legislation to set greenhouse gas reduction targets in line with the Paris Agreement targets (163)
  • End fossil fuel subsidies (163)
  • Make a program to finance energy-saving home renovations (163)
  • Increase electric vehicle rebates, make all federal vehicles electric, and mandate that a certain percentage of all vehicle sales be zero-emission vehicles (163)
  • Ban neonicotinoids (163)
  • Take into account the impact of all government actions on climate change, including grants and contributions (163)
  • Are running a carbon neutral campaign for the election by paying Carbone Boreal for a carbon offset for every tonne of greenhouse gases emitted for transportation (157)
  • Participated in the September 27 Montreal climate strike event (154)

Green

Climate Change and the Environment

  • Maintain a carbon fee on all sources of carbon dioxide pollution; revenues from the carbon fee would be returned to Canadians as a dividend (101)
  • Raise the carbon tax for all emitters until the transition to renewable energy is complete (158)
  • Establish a cross-party inner cabinet to address climate change, with a mandate to ensure that Canada does its part to limit global warming and to mitigate the impacts of climate change on Canadians (101)
  • Set legal emissions limits for industries, becoming stricter over time and including penalties for exceeding those limits (101)
  • Do not approve any new pipelines or coal, oil, or gas drilling or mining, including offshore wells; existing oil and gas operations will continue on a declining basis, with bitumen production phased out between 2030 and 2035 (101)
  • Ban fracking (101)
  • Cancel the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion, which is estimated to cost between $10 billion to $13 billion to build, and all other subsidies to fossil fuel industries, with funds redirected to the creation of a national electric grid and renewable energy transition (101)
  • Make 100% of Canada’s electricity, including the electricity used in northern communities that currently rely on diesel generators, come from renewable sources by 2030 (101)
  • Implement a national renewable electric grid strategy, which will include building connections between eastern Manitoba and western Ontario and upgrading connections between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia (101)
  • Finance energy-saving retrofits and the installation of renewable energy technology in residential, commercial, and institutional buildings through direct grants, zero-interest loans, and repayments based on energy/cost savings (101)
  • Revise the national building code by 2030 to ensure that every new building be a net-zero energy building (101)
  • Develop a national transportation strategy, with the goal of zero-carbon public ground transportation by 2040 (101)
  • Participated in the September 27 Montreal climate strike event (152,153)

PPC

Climate Change and the Environment

  • Abolish the federal carbon tax (100)
  • State in their environmental platform that there is “no scientific consensus on the theory that CO2 produced by human activity is causing dangerous global warming today or will in the future” (100)
  • Withdraw from the Paris Agreement and abandon greenhouse gas emission reduction targets (100)
  • Eliminate green technology subsidies (100)
  • Stop sending money to help developing countries reduce their emissions (100)
  • Invest in adaptation strategies if problems arise as a result of climate change (100)
  • Implement practical solutions to make Canada’s air, water, and soil cleaner, including bringing clean drinking water to remote First Nations communities (100)
  • Approve pipeline projects and reassert federal jurisdiction over pipeline construction (114)
  • Repeal Bill C-48 and Bill C-69 (114)
  • Did not participate in any September 27 climate strike event (178)

Liberal

Electoral Reform

  • The Liberal Party of Canada has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election.
  • Abandoned their commitment to electoral reform from the previous election, citing a lack of support for the change amongst Canadians (18)

Conservative

Electoral Reform

  • The Conservative Party of Canada has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election.
  • Have stated that any electoral reform measure must only go ahead if it is supported by a referendum (74,75)

NDP

Electoral Reform

  • Replace the current first-past-the-post voting system with mixed-member proportional representation for federal elections, then hold a referendum on the electoral system after one election under the new system (24)
  • Establish an independent citizens’ assembly to oversee the implementation of the new electoral system (24)
  • Lower the voting age to 16 years (24)
  • Include proportional representation as a condition of any alliance or support for a minority government (17)

Bloc

Electoral Reform

  • The Bloc Quebecois has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election.

Green

Electoral Reform

  • Will replace the current first-past-the-post voting system with a proportional representation system in time for the next federal election (19,20,73)
  • Establish a citizens’ assembly on electoral reform by March 2020 to make recommendations to Parliament on a new electoral system and implement the recommendations in time for the 2023 federal election (73)
  • Lower the voting age to 16 years (73)
  • Require all parties to submit their campaign platform cost estimates to the Parliamentary Budget Officer for review (73)
  • Mandate Elections Canada to develop a truth-in-advertising framework for election campaigns that empowers the Commissioner of Canada Elections to investigate complaints and impose sanctions related to campaign

PPC

Electoral Reform

  • The People’s Party of Canada has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election.

Liberal

Families

  • Create up to 250,000 more before- and after-school spaces for children younger than 10, lower fees for childcare by 10% across the country at a cost of $535 million per year, and mandate that 10% of new spaces be reserved for parents who work overtime, late shifts, or multiple jobs (84)
  • Establish a national secretariat to work with the provinces to create the groundwork for a pan-Canadian childcare system and national childcare standards (84)
  • Increase the Canada Child Benefit by 15%, or about $1,000, for kids younger than 1 year (87)
  • Make EI maternity and parental benefits tax-exempt so that taxes will not be taken off the EI cheque (87)
  • Establish a guaranteed paid family leave program by 2021 for parents who are ineligible for EI, which will provide a guaranteed income for the first year of their child’s life for parents who are self-employed, work part-time, or work multiple jobs (87,132)
  • Introduce 15-week paid leave for adoptive parents (87)
  • The above measures are projected to cost approximately $800 million in 2020-2021, rising to $1.2 billion in 2023-2024 (87)

Conservative

Families

  • Introduce a children’s fitness tax credit, a refundable tax credit that will allow parents to claim up to $1,000 per child or $1,500 for children with disabilities for expenses related to fitness or sports (88)
  • Introduce a children’s arts and learning tax credit, a refundable tax credit that will allow parents to claim up to $500 per child or $1,000 for children with disabilities for expenses related to arts or educational activities (88)
  • Make EI maternity and parental benefits tax-free through a 15% non-refundable tax credit (88,131)

NDP

Families

  • Commit $1 billion towards affordable, not-for-profit childcare in 2020 and increase it annually, with the goal of creating a national, universally accessible childcare system (98,116)
  • Increase childcare workers’ wages (98)

Bloc

Families

  • The Bloc Quebecois has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election

Green

Families

  • Increase childcare funding by $1 billion per year until it reaches the OECD’s benchmark of 1% of the GDP, or about $17 billion (97,98)
  • Eliminate GST on all construction costs related to childcare spaces (97,98)
  • Work with the provinces, territories, and First Nations to create a national childcare strategy, with the long-term goal of having national universal childcare (97)
  • Ensure that the locations of childcare spaces reflect the diversity of family needs and be placed along existing public transit routes (97)
  • Make parental leave better paid, more flexible, and more inclusive (97)

PPC

Families

  • The People’s Party of Canada has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election

Liberal

Foreign Aid

  • Increase funding for women and girls health and rights to $1.4 billion per year by 2023 and maintain that figure until 2030. Half to be dedicated to sexual and reproductive needs (167)
  • Increase effectiveness, transparency, and accountability of international development assistance (170)
  • Spend at least 10% of international assistance budget on education (170)
  • Lead an international campaign to ensure children living in refugee or displacement camps receive adequate education (170)
  • The Feminist International Assistance Policy will invest $150 million over five years to women’s rights-focused organizations in developing countries. By 2021-22, 80% of Canada’s international assistance will target gender equality advancement and the empowerment of women and girls. Total funding is shifting not increasing (20)
  • Since 2015 Canada’s official development aid has declined from 0.31% of gross national income to 0.26%, falling short of the internationally agreed target of 0.7%. The average contribution among the OECD Development Advisory Council countries is 0.31% (21,55)
  • Created FinDev to help achieve the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals by investing $300 million over 5 years. Recently allocated funds also include $2 billion dedicated to innovative financing programs under the International Assistance Envelope (104)

Conservative

Foreign Aid

  • Cut foreign aid by 25% by cutting aid to middle and upper income countries and "hostile regimes" (171)
  • Plan to continue Stephen Harper’s Maternal and Child Health Initiative (168)
  • Provide additional military and non-military support to Ukraine (171)
  • Use Magnitsky legislation to target “hostile regimes like Iran” (171)

NDP

Foreign Aid

  • Increase promotion of gender equality abroad with a focus on the rights, security, and access to education of women and girls in developing countries (105)
  • Raise international development assistance to 0.7% of gross national income from the current 0.26% to contribute to achieving the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. Areas of focus include: poverty alleviation, ensuring decent work, and improving global health (105)
  • Contribute more to The Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria as well as supporting health care systems in developing countries (105)

Bloc

Foreign Aid

  • The Bloc Quebecois has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election

Green

Foreign Aid

  • Bring back the Canadian International Development Agency (102)
  • Mandate that aid is directed to areas that have the greatest need. Do not tie aid to Canadian business interests (102,172)
  • Increase development assistance to 0.7% of GDP (102)
  • Increase contribution to the Green Climate Fund and Global Environmental Facility to $4 billion per year by 2030 (102)
  • Ensure federal government policy aligns with the UN’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals and develop mechanisms to track progress both domestically and internationally (102)
  • Deploy military led relief efforts in response to natural disasters (102)

PPC

Foreign Aid

  • Withdraw from all UN commitments including the Global Compact for Migration (103)
  • Eliminate international development aid while focusing solely on providing emergency international assistance in times of natural disasters, major conflicts, and health crises (103)

Liberal

Foreign Policy

  • Ratify the new NAFTA trade deal with the United States and Mexico (137)
  • Created a new department within Global Affairs which increased Canada’s foreign policy coherence (21,55)

Conservative

Foreign Policy

  • Launch “total reset” of Canada’s relationship with China, and diversify Canadian exports away from China and towards democratic nations in the Indo-Pacific region (32)
  • Recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel by moving Canada’s embassy to Jerusalem from Tel Aviv (33)
  • Start talks with the United States to join the American ballistic missile defence program (34)
  • Classify Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps as a terrorist organization (35)
  • Withdraw $250 million of investment from China’s Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (133)

NDP

Foreign Policy

  • Cease all arms sales to Saudi Arabia immediately (36)
  • Work towards a just and lasting two-state solution between Israel and Palestine (134)
  • Ensure that Canadian-made weapons are not causing conflict and human rights abuse abroad (134)

Bloc

Foreign Policy

  • Push for the right of Quebec to negotiate its own international treaties (37)
  • Push for Canada to obtain Quebec’s consent before taking any position at UNESCO (37)

Green

Foreign Policy

  • Cancel contracts that provide Saudi Arabia with armoured vehicles, and ban the importation of Saudi oil (135)
  • Sign and ratify the UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (135)
  • Review all of Canada’s NATO commitments (136)

PPC

Foreign Policy

  • Withdraw from the UN Global Compact on Migration and the Paris Agreement on climate change (38)
  • Reduce Canada’s presence in the UN to a minimum (38)
  • Will not get involved in foreign conflicts unless Canada has a compelling strategic interest in doing so (38)

Liberal

Gun Control

  • Passed Bill C-71 in June 2019 (40)
  • Ban ownership of all military-style assault weapons and launch a buyback program for legally purchased assault weapons (85,86)
  • Enable mayors to ban or increase restrictions on handguns within their municipalities (86)
  • Promote holistic solutions to gun violence, such as increasing spending on community spaces for young people (43)
  • Will not bring back the long-gun registry (86)
  • Invest an additional $50 million each year, for five years to combat gang related violence (160)
  • Require everyone importing ammunition to show proof of a valid firearms license and increase penalties for people seeking to smuggle firearms into Canada (160)
  • Strengthen safe-storage laws (160)
  • Temporarily suspend firearms licenses for people who are suspected of posing a danger to themselves or others, including their partners or kids (160)
  • Introduce a system for flagging bulk purchases of guns (160)

Conservative

Gun Control

  • Repeal Bill C-71, saying that it imposes onerous restrictions on law-abiding gun owners while doing little to combat gun and gang violence (40,67,112)
  • Create a firearms-smuggling task force within border services and increase frontline officers that would work with US authorities to target weapons smugglers (115)
  • Make it an offence to knowingly possess a smuggled firearm (115)
  • Mandate lifetime firearms bans for all serious personal injury offences and gang crimes (115)
  • Seize firearms from anyone detained under provincial mental health legislation until their condition improves (115)
  • Prohibit gun ownership and give jail time to anyone who knowingly provides a firearm to a criminal or to someone with a gun ban (115)

NDP

Gun Control

  • Supported Bill C-71 (41,67)
  • Increase funding to border services to stem illegal firearm importation from the United States (69,70)
  • Increase funding for anti-gang community initiatives in cities (71)
  • Allow cities to ban firearms (69,70)
  • Address causes of gun violence, such as poverty, racial discrimination, gaps in mental health services, and a lack of affordable housing (69,70)

Bloc

Gun Control

  • The Bloc Quebecois has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election.
  • Supported Bill C-71 (67)

Green

Gun Control

  • Supported Bill C-71 (67)
  • Launch a confidential buyback program for assault weapons and handguns and support bans on both (72)
  • Redirect border services to focus more on weapon smuggling and less on people who are law-abiding but living in Canada without official status (72)

PPC

Gun Control

  • Did not vote on Bill C-71 (67)
  • Repeal Bill C-68 of 1995 (113)
  • Increase availability of gun safety courses (68)
  • Replace firearms licenses with a lifetime certification system for gun owners that complete mandatory vetting, safety training, and testing (113)
  • Reorganize Canada’s firearms classification system to focus more on the gun’s function (68,113)
  • Remove restrictions on magazine size (68)
  • Mandate that any changes to firearms regulation be completed through Parliament only, not the RCMP or a cabinet (113)

Liberal

Healthcare

  • Invest $6 billion over the next four years to begin implementation of national pharmacare, ensure everyone has access to primary care, improve access to home care and palliative care, and establish national standards for access to mental health services (56,146)
  • An advisory panel created by the Liberals set the price of implementing pharmacare at $3.5 billion over the course of 10 years starting in 2022 and rising to $15.3 billion annually by 2027 (173)
  • End the ban on blood donations by men who have sex with men (173)
  • Establish the Canada Drug Agency to coordinate bulk drug purchases, negotiate drug prices, implement a drug strategy for rare diseases, and establish a national formulary that identifies the most effective, lowest-priced drugs (56,146,166)
  • Make changes to the Patented Medicine Prices Review Board so that it will no longer compare prices of prescription drugs with the United States and Switzerland, saving an estimated $13 billion in the next decade (138)

Conservative

Healthcare

  • Will not bring in pharmacare (123)
  • Increase the Canada Health Transfer and the Canada Social Transfer by at least three per cent every year (57, 144)
  • Spend $1.5 billion to buy new medical imaging equipment for facilities across Canada (56, 144)

NDP

Healthcare

  • Spend $10 billion per year to create a universal pharmacare program by 2020 (56)
  • Expand coverage to include mental health, dental, eye and hearing coverage (123)
  • Extend public dental coverage for households making less than $70,000 per year, beginning in 2020 (56, 143)
  • Force drug companies to disclose confidential price rebates they offer to public and private drug coverage payers (57)
  • Establish a national suicide prevention action plan (57)
  • Declare a national public health emergency for the opioid crisis (57)
  • Launch an investigation into the role of drug companies in fuelling the opioid epidemic to determine whether criminal charges or civil action is warranted (57)
  • End the ban on blood donations by men who have sex with men (142, 143)
  • Ensure that there is equal access to gender confirming surgery across the country, and that these procedures and medications are covered by public health plans (142, 143)

Bloc

Healthcare

  • Compensate Quebec for any drug price increase caused by CUSMA being enacted (123)
  • Make the caregiver tax credit become a refundable tax credit (139)
  • Make it easier to get a tax credit for home-care expenses by granting the credit automatically, based on a simple calculation (139)
  • Reduce the price of brand-name drugs by removing the United States as a reference for determining the price of all drugs (144)

Green

Healthcare

  • Expand public health care to include pharmacare, establishing a Crown corporation to bulk purchase and dispense prescription drugs (56)
  • Extend free dental care to those with low-incomes (56,119)
  • Change the federal/provincial Health Accord, basing health transfers on demographics and health care needs in each province, replacing the current formula based on GDP growth (119)
  • Declare a national health emergency, create a national drug reduction strategy, build more safe injection sites, increase funding for drug testing and naloxone kits, and regulate the distribution of prescription pharmaceuticals to combat the opioid epidemic and reduce addictions (56, 141)
  • Holds that every Canadian should have the right to a “living will” to limit or deny medical treatment (123)
  • Develop national health care guidelines that incentivize active lifestyles as well as healthy diets and choices (56)
  • Pass legislation that gives Canadians the right to a healthy environment (57)
  • Ban for-profit blood collection services and end the ban on blood donations by men who have sex with men (57)
  • Ban the practice of medically unnecessary surgeries on intersex children (57)
  • Reduce drug patent protection periods (57)
  • Uphold Jordan's Principle in full, implement Calls to Action 18-24 from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and support indigenous peoples in rebuilding traditional knowledge systems around healing and wellness, including the formal inclusion of traditional healing within mental wellness and home and community care programs (119)

PPC

Healthcare

  • Make provinces and territories responsible for funding and managing health services by replacing the current system of intergovernmental cash payments with a transfer of tax points of equivalent value, such as GST, to give Provinces their own stable source of funding and responsibility for such funding in the future (56,123, 145)
  • Establish a temporary program to compensate poorer provinces whose revenues will be lower than the transfer payments they used to receive (145)
  • Increase options for private healthcare (123)

Liberal

Housing

  • Committed $55 billion towards a national housing strategy that aims to build up to 125,000 new affordable housing units and halve chronic homelessness over 10 years (183)
  • Create the Canada Housing Benefit to give an average of $2,500 per year for rental assistance to 300,000 households as part of the national housing strategy (199)
  • Created the First-Time Home Buyer Incentive (147,148)
  • Increase the maximum qualifying home value for the First-Time Home Buyer Incentive to almost $800,000 in Toronto, Vancouver, and Victoria (149)
  • Apply a 1% vacancy and speculation tax on residential properties owned by non-resident non-Canadians (149)
  • Ensure that Statistics Canada, the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, and the CRA have the tools to accurately track foreign ownership and speculation in Canada (149)
  • Provide interest-free loans of up to $40,000 to retrofit homes with energy-saving renovations, with a goal of retrofitting 1.5 million homes (184)
  • Create a $5,000 grant for newly built homes that are certified zero-emissions buildings (184)

Conservative

Housing

  • Change the mortgage stress test to make it easier for first-time home buyers to get a mortgage, and remove the stress test from mortgage renewals (174)
  • Increase amortization periods on insured mortgages from 25 to 30 years for first-time home buyers, lowering monthly payments (174)
  • Launch an inquiry into money laundering in the real estate sector and work with industry partners to stop practices that inflate housing prices (174)
  • Remove the GST from home heating costs (174)
  • Make surplus federal real estate sites available for development to increase the supply of housing (174)
  • Create a two-year tax credit that allows homeowners to receive a 20% refundable income tax credit for energy-saving home renovations that cost between $1,000 and $20,000 (162)

NDP

Housing

  • Spend an additional $5 billion to create 250,000 units of affordable housing in the next five years, increasing to 500,000 units in the next ten years (175)
  • Set up dedicated fast-start funds to streamline the application process for co-op, social, and nonprofit housing projects (175,198)
  • Waive the federal portion of the GST/HST on the construction of new affordable rental units (175)
  • Increase amortization periods on insured mortgages from 25 to 30 years for first-time home buyers with entry-level homes, lowering monthly payments (175)
  • Double the First-Time Home Buyers’ Tax Credit to $1,500 (175)
  • Put in place a foreign buyers’ tax on home sales to individuals who aren’t Canadian citizens or permanent residents (175)
  • Fight money laundering by creating a public registry of beneficial ownership to increase transparency about property owners and requiring the reporting of suspicious transactions (175)
  • Create a low-interest loan program for retrofitting homes repayable through energy savings (164)

Bloc

Housing

  • Maintain existing levels of funding for social housing and invest additional funding progressively until reaching 1% of total federal revenue, or about $3 million (182)
  • Demand $3 billion from the federal government without conditions for social housing in order to not hamper the work of existing Quebecois programs (182)
  • Implement a tax credit for energy-saving and accessibility renovations of multigenerational residences (182)
  • Introduce financial incentives for energy-saving retrofits of residential housing, similar to the previous ecoENERGY program (181)

Green

Housing

  • Legislate housing as a legally protected fundamental human right for all Canadian citizens and permanent residents (176)
  • Appoint a Minister of Housing to oversee the implementation of the national housing strategy, and set a target of 25,000 new and 15,000 rehabilitated units annually for the next 10 years (176)
  • Increase the National Housing Co-Investment Fund and the Canada Housing Benefit by $750 million each for new builds and for rental assistance to 125,000 households (176)
  • Review the First-Time Home Buyer Incentive to ensure that it does not facilitate housing speculation (200)
  • Restore tax incentives for building purpose-built rental housing and provide tax credits for gifts of land and/or buildings to community land trusts to provide affordable housing (177)
  • Refocus the core mandate of Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation to support the development of affordable, non-market, and co-op housing, and create a co-op housing strategy (176,177)
  • Finance energy-saving retrofits and the installation of renewable energy technology in residential, commercial, and institutional buildings through direct grants, zero-interest loans, and repayments based on energy/cost savings (101)

PPC

Housing

  • Increase affordability of housing by reducing immigration, ending supply management, and lowering taxes (180)

Liberal

Pipelines

  • Do not intend to revive Energy East pipeline, a cancelled project proposed to run from Alberta to New Brunswick (186)
  • Move forward with the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion, an addition to the existing oil pipeline purchased from Kinder Morgan by the federal government in 2018 (187)
  • Invest tax revenues and profits from the Trans Mountain expansion project in natural climate solutions and clean energy projects (188)
  • Support pipeline construction to help market fossil fuels to buyers outside of the United States, provided adequate Indigenous consultation and environmental assessment (187)

Conservative

Pipelines

  • Repeal Bill C-69 (189)
  • Repeal Bill C-48 (190)
  • Invoke federal jurisdiction to move future infrastructure projects, such as pipelines, forward (189)
  • Enact legislation to clarify the roles of stakeholders in pipeline proposal consultations and make approval schedules more predictable for investors (189)

NDP

Pipelines

  • Abandon the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion (191)
  • Will not approve national infrastructure projects, such as pipelines, without the support of the provincial governments involved (192)

Bloc

Pipelines

  • Helped stop the Energy East pipeline (163)
  • Oppose the federal imposition of infrastructure projects, such as pipelines, in Quebec without the province’s support (193)

Green

Pipelines

  • Cancel the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion project and redirect its funding towards renewable energy projects (194)
  • Will not support a minority government that intends to go ahead with the Trans Mountain expansion project (195)
  • Will not approve any new pipelines (194)
  • Gradually eliminate existing oil and gas operations, removing the need for pipelines (194)

PPC

Pipelines

  • Invoke federal jurisdiction to move future infrastructure projects, such as pipelines, forward (196)
  • Repeal Bill C-69 (196)
  • Repeal Bill C-48 (196)
  • Increase the efficiency of the pipeline approval process (196)
  • Sell the Trans Mountain pipeline system to a private entity (196)

Liberal

Refugees and Asylum Seekers

  • Made refugees ineligible to apply for asylum in Canada if they have applied for asylum in another country that is deemed safe by Canada (13)
  • Allocate $1.18 billion over five years to speed up the processing of asylum claims and improve security and law enforcement at the border (16)

Conservative

Refugees and Asylum Seekers

  • Renegotiate the Safe Third Country Agreement with the United States to close a loophole that allows asylum seekers to make a refugee claim from within Canada if they entered at an unofficial border crossing (4,16)
  • End illegal border crossings at unofficial points of entry like Roxham Road (4,12)
  • Promote the private sponsorship of refugees (4,12)

NDP

Refugees and Asylum Seekers

  • Suspend the Safe Third Country Agreement with the United States so that refugees claim asylum at official border crossings (1,2)
  • Work through the current backlog of asylum claimants (1)
  • Establish a separate applicant stream for LGBTQI2S+ asylum seekers (3)

Bloc

Refugees and Asylum Seekers

  • Suspend Canada’s Safe Third Country Agreement with the United States (56)
  • Require the federal government to grant Quebec a veto on any federal decision to expel refugees (56)

Green

Refugees and Asylum Seekers

  • Terminate the Safe Third Country Agreement, as the United States should no longer be considered a safe country for refugees (23,83)
  • Lead a national dialogue to define “environmental refugee” and add it as an accepted category for asylum claims (11,82)

PPC

Refugees and Asylum Seekers

  • Reduce the total number of accepted immigrants and refugees to between 100,000 and 150,000 per year (5,6,10,14,15)
  • Build border fences on the Canada–United States border to prevent asylum seekers from crossing at unofficial entry points (14,15)
  • End reliance on the United Nations for refugee selection, instead relying on civil society, faith-based organizations, and private sponsorship (5,6,10)

Liberal

Telecom.

  • Issued a Policy Direction to the CRTC to consider competition, affordability, consumer interests, and innovation in all of its telecommunications decisions (79)
  • Reduce cell phone bills by 25% in two years by working with providers to reduce price and introduce unlimited family plans (106)
  • Open market to new competition by requiring major providers to lease network capacity to MVNOs (106)
  • Implement further changes if prices don’t decrease enough after two years (106)
  • Ensure all Canadians have access to high-speed internet by 2030 by spending $1 billion over five years, in addition to the $1.7 billion committed in the 2019 budget (106)

Conservative

Telecom.

  • The Conservative Party of Canada has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election

NDP

Telecom.

  • Implement a price cap based on average international prices for mobile and internet services (50)
  • Require providers to offer a basic plan for mobile and internet service (51)
  • Require providers to offer unlimited wireless data options at affordable rates (51)
  • Eliminate data caps for broadband internet (51)
  • Introduce a telecom consumers’ bill of rights that governs wireless and internet sales and services practices (51)

Bloc

Telecom.

  • Create a Quebecois CRTC and cede federal regulation of telecommunications and broadcasting in Quebec to the Quebec government (81)

Green

Telecom.

  • Amend CRTC regulations to increase competition in mobile and internet services (76)
  • Ensure cell phone rates are affordable for all Canadians (52)
  • Require providers to separate cell phone payments from cell service payments (76)
  • Ban Huawei from Canada’s 5G network (77)
  • Create a universal broadband strategy that ensures high-speed internet across the country (52)

PPC

Telecom.

  • The People’s Party of Canada has not yet release anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election
  • Pledged during the 2017 Conservative Party leadership election to abolish the CRTC and open the telecommunications industry to foreign competition (80)

Liberal

Trade

  • Struck new NAFTA deal with the US; however, deal must still be ratified by U.S lawmakers. Conceded on greater access to Canadian dairy, chicken, and egg markets (123)
  • The new NAFTA deal preserves more than $2 billion per day in cross-border trade between Canada and the US (169)
  • Removed steel and aluminum tariffs of 25% imposed by Trump in 2018 (169)

Conservative

Trade

  • Implement Interprovincial Free Trade Agreement by working with provinces (137)

NDP

Trade

  • Would make changes to the new NAFTA deal over concerns about drug price increases (123)
  • Dismantle the Invest in Canada agency and create iCanada, a device within the federal government to help attract investors to Canada to promote Canadian industry internationally (110)
  • Ensure all trade deals are in accordance with the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (110)
  • Enact transparency of trade negotiations and ensure trade unions to have ability to initiate trade disputes (110)
  • Convene an auto summit with provincial, municipal, and industry leaders to develop a National Automotive Strategy to attract and retain investment. Restore Automotive Innovation Fund. Commission an independent study into the automotive trade deficit with Mexico (110)
  • Give Export Development Canada a stronger mandate to recruit and retain investment in automotive plants and export-focused manufacturing (110)
  • Enforce stricter labeling rules on and a Boat-to-Plate traceability standard to combat seafood fraud. Support marketing of quality Canadian seafood both domestically and internationally (110)
  • Require use of Canadian steel and aluminum for infrastructure projects across the country (137)

Bloc

Trade

  • Criticized the new NAFTA, CETA, and TPP for their impact on Quebec’s producers. Will introduce bill to prevent cuts to supply management in future agreements (137)

Green

Trade

  • Generally supports new NAFTA agreement. Concerned about impact on supply management and drug costs (123)
  • Renegotiate Canada’s trade and investment agreements to remove the Investor State Dispute Settlement provisions which give foreign firms the ability to challenge government laws and policies (111, 137)
  • Revamp national trade policy to align with national and international climate change plans (137)

PPC

Trade

  • Criticized NAFTA negotiations for not doing away with Supply Management entirely (123)
  • Use section 91(2) of the Constitution to give Ottawa exclusive power to regulate matters of international and interprovincial trade (137)
  • Appoint a Minister of Internal Trade to conduct studies, raise public awareness, and remove interprovincial trade barriers (137)

Sources

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  200. Conservative Website
  201. Conservative Website

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Liberal

Abortion

  • Do not permit party MPs to vote freely on abortion (62)
  • Prohibited funds from the Canada Summer Jobs Program from being given to groups that actively campaign against abortion; this was amended in 2018 to require that both the group’s core mandate and the job they want to use federal funds to fill respect the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, as well as other rights (65,66)

Conservative

Abortion

  • Permit party MPs to vote freely on abortion (58,59,64)
  • Promise to not reopen the debate on abortion (59,62)

NDP

Abortion

  • Do not permit party MPs to vote freely on abortion (62)
  • Ensure that provinces make medical and surgical abortion available without barriers in all parts of the country, and that contraceptives and reproductive healthcare are accessible at no cost (61)

Bloc

Abortion

  • Support a woman’s right to choose (63)

Green

Abortion

  • Do not whip votes; therefore, party MPs would be permitted to vote freely on abortion, as with any other issue, but the MP would risk being ousted from the party for doing so (62)
  • Oppose any attempts to limit access to abortion (62)

PPC

Abortion

  • Permit party MPs to vote freely on abortion (60)
  • Have no official party-wide stance on abortion (6)

Liberal

Arts, Media & Culture

  • Reversed cuts to CBC funding by the previous Conservative government by committing a total of $675 million in additional funding by 2021 (94)
  • Commit $20 million to the Canada Music Fund, $16 million to the Canada Arts Presentation Fund, and $24 million to the Building Communities Through Arts and Heritage program and the Celebration and Commemoration Program in the 2019 budget (93)

Conservative

Arts, Media & Culture

  • Ensure that the CBC focuses more on Canadian stories and investigate the impact of the CBC’s advertising revenue on private media companies (96)

NDP

Arts, Media & Culture

  • Increase funding for CBC and Radio-Canada (91)
  • Require Netflix, Facebook, Google, and other digital media companies to pay taxes, support Canadian content in both official languages, and take responsibility for what appears on their platforms (91)
  • Provide financial support for Indigenous theatre at the National Arts Centre (92)
  • Allow income tax averaging for artists and cultural workers (92)

Bloc

Arts, Media & Culture

  • Impose a 3% tax on web giants, such as Google, Apple, Facebook, and Amazon (89)
  • Impose GST on online ads and put a portion of the revenue into a fund for print media (89)
  • Increase the budget for Telefilm Canada and maintain a minimum of $300 million in indexed annual funding for the Council for the Arts (81)
  • Require platforms like Apple Music, Spotify, and Netflix to more prominently feature Québécois content (81)
  • Exempt the purchase of books from GST (81)

Green

Arts, Media & Culture

  • Increase funding to the CBC and Radio-Canada by $315 million per year until the per-capita level of funding is equal to that of the BBC (90)
  • Require social media platforms to collect GST on advertising (90)
  • Increase funding to all of Canada’s arts and culture organizations, including the Canada Council for the Arts, the National Film Board of Canada, and Telefilm Canada (90)
  • Reform antitrust laws to enable the breakup of media conglomerates (90)
  • Create tax credits that encourage the donation and restoration of heritage properties (90)

PPC

Arts, Media & Culture

  • Defund the CBC completely (95)

Liberal

Climate Change and the Environment

  • Set a minimum carbon price this year of $20 per tonne, increasing by $10 per year until 2022, and imposed a carbon tax on businesses and individuals in provinces with no federally approved carbon price plan. All funds raised are returned directly to people in those provinces (120,123)
  • Reduce emissions by an estimated 30 megatonnes by 2030 (150)
  • Set legally binding five-year milestones based on consultations with experts, and attain net-zero emissions by 2050 (150,159,173)
  • Phase out coal power by 2030, though Nova Scotia will receive an extension (121,123)
  • Phase out fossil fuel subsidies by 2025 (123,124,125)
  • Halve corporate taxes over the next three years for companies that develop zero-emissions technology (161)
  • Require federal buildings to be completely powered by green electricity by 2022 (161)
  • Ban single-use plastics as soon as 2021 (122,123)
  • Plant two billion trees over the next decade, including the creation of urban forests (150)
  • Conserve 25% of Canada’s land and oceans habitats by 2025, working towards 30% by 2030 (151)
  • Expand Parks Canada’s Learn to Camp program for students below grade 8 (151)
  • Create a national Experience Canada program, which would annually help up to 75,000 lower-income families spend up to four days in one of Canada’s national or provincial parks by providing camping accommodations and a travel bursary of up to $2,000 (151)
  • Participated in the September 27 Montreal climate strike event (152,153)

Conservative

Climate Change and the Environment

  • Oppose any form of carbon tax (123,163)
  • Require companies that emit more than 40 kilotonnes of greenhouse gases per year to invest a set amount per tonne into private-sector research and development of green technology in their industry (162,179)
  • Create a green investment standards certification to assess green technology companies for potential investors (162)
  • Create a green patent credit to reduce the tax rate from 15% to 5% on income that is generated from green technology developed and patented in Canada (162)
  • Create a two-year green homes tax credit, allowing homeowners to receive a 20% refundable income tax credit for energy-saving home renovations that cost between $1,000 and $20,000 (162)
  • Foster the adoption of smart grid technology and the interconnection of electricity grids in order to connect remote communities to clean power, increasing the percentage of Canada’s electricity that comes from green energy (162)
  • Expand exportation of Canadian green energy technology through increased green bonds and accelerated capital cost allowances to replace dirtier foreign energy sources (162)
  • Approve pipeline projects and reassert federal jurisdiction over pipeline construction (189)
  • Is considering cutting fossil fuel subsidies (123,124)
  • Re-establish the Hunting and Angling Advisory Panel that gave hunting, angling, and conservation groups input on environmental stewardship policies and programs (162)
  • Did not participate in any September 27 climate strike event (152,153)

NDP

Climate Change and the Environment

  • Continue carbon pricing, including rebates to eligible households (164)
  • Legislate greenhouse gas emission reduction targets to make them in line with the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s recommendation (164)
  • Power Canada with net–carbon-free electricity by 2030, and move to 100% non-emitting electricity
  • by 2050 (164)
  • Establish a new climate bank, capitalized with $3 billion by the federal government to spur investment in the low-carbon economy and provide financing for interested provinces to connect power grids and introduce smart grid technology (164)
  • Eliminate fossil fuel subsidies (164)
  • Create a climate accountability office to conduct audits on progress towards climate goals (165)
  • Ensure that federal buildings use renewable energy and are carbon neutral by 2030 (164)
  • Make federal government vehicle fleets electric by 2025, choosing made-in-Canada technology whenever possible (164)
  • Revise the national building code by 2030 to ensure that every new building be a net-zero energy building (164)
  • Create a low-interest loan program for retrofitting homes repayable through energy savings (164)
  • Create a funding mechanism to support the electrification of public transit and other municipal fleets by 2030 (164)
  • Create a $5,000 purchase incentive for zero-emission vehicles, with an additional break waiving the federal sales tax for working families (164)
  • Participated in the September 27 Victoria climate strike event (152,153)

Bloc

Climate Change and the Environment

  • Reintroduce a bill giving Quebec the power to accept or reject projects under federal jurisdiction relating to land use planning and environmental protection (163)
  • Create a green equalization formula in which carbon tax revenue from provinces with higher per-capita greenhouse gas emissions is redistributed to provinces with lower emissions (163)
  • Introduce legislation to set greenhouse gas reduction targets in line with the Paris Agreement targets (163)
  • End fossil fuel subsidies (163)
  • Make a program to finance energy-saving home renovations (163)
  • Increase electric vehicle rebates, make all federal vehicles electric, and mandate that a certain percentage of all vehicle sales be zero-emission vehicles (163)
  • Ban neonicotinoids (163)
  • Take into account the impact of all government actions on climate change, including grants and contributions (163)
  • Are running a carbon neutral campaign for the election by paying Carbone Boreal for a carbon offset for every tonne of greenhouse gases emitted for transportation (157)
  • Participated in the September 27 Montreal climate strike event (154)

Green

Climate Change and the Environment

  • Maintain a carbon fee on all sources of carbon dioxide pollution; revenues from the carbon fee would be returned to Canadians as a dividend (101)
  • Raise the carbon tax for all emitters until the transition to renewable energy is complete (158)
  • Establish a cross-party inner cabinet to address climate change, with a mandate to ensure that Canada does its part to limit global warming and to mitigate the impacts of climate change on Canadians (101)
  • Set legal emissions limits for industries, becoming stricter over time and including penalties for exceeding those limits (101)
  • Do not approve any new pipelines or coal, oil, or gas drilling or mining, including offshore wells; existing oil and gas operations will continue on a declining basis, with bitumen production phased out between 2030 and 2035 (101)
  • Ban fracking (101)
  • Cancel the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion, which is estimated to cost between $10 billion to $13 billion to build, and all other subsidies to fossil fuel industries, with funds redirected to the creation of a national electric grid and renewable energy transition (101)
  • Make 100% of Canada’s electricity, including the electricity used in northern communities that currently rely on diesel generators, come from renewable sources by 2030 (101)
  • Implement a national renewable electric grid strategy, which will include building connections between eastern Manitoba and western Ontario and upgrading connections between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia (101)
  • Finance energy-saving retrofits and the installation of renewable energy technology in residential, commercial, and institutional buildings through direct grants, zero-interest loans, and repayments based on energy/cost savings (101)
  • Revise the national building code by 2030 to ensure that every new building be a net-zero energy building (101)
  • Develop a national transportation strategy, with the goal of zero-carbon public ground transportation by 2040 (101)
  • Participated in the September 27 Montreal climate strike event (152,153)

PPC

Climate Change and the Environment

  • Abolish the federal carbon tax (100)
  • State in their environmental platform that there is “no scientific consensus on the theory that CO2 produced by human activity is causing dangerous global warming today or will in the future” (100)
  • Withdraw from the Paris Agreement and abandon greenhouse gas emission reduction targets (100)
  • Eliminate green technology subsidies (100)
  • Stop sending money to help developing countries reduce their emissions (100)
  • Invest in adaptation strategies if problems arise as a result of climate change (100)
  • Implement practical solutions to make Canada’s air, water, and soil cleaner, including bringing clean drinking water to remote First Nations communities (100)
  • Approve pipeline projects and reassert federal jurisdiction over pipeline construction (114)
  • Repeal Bill C-48 and Bill C-69 (114)
  • Did not participate in any September 27 climate strike event (178)

Liberal

Electoral Reform

  • The Liberal Party of Canada has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election.
  • Abandoned their commitment to electoral reform from the previous election, citing a lack of support for the change amongst Canadians (18)

Conservative

Electoral Reform

  • The Conservative Party of Canada has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election.
  • Have stated that any electoral reform measure must only go ahead if it is supported by a referendum (74,75)

NDP

Electoral Reform

  • Replace the current first-past-the-post voting system with mixed-member proportional representation for federal elections, then hold a referendum on the electoral system after one election under the new system (24)
  • Establish an independent citizens’ assembly to oversee the implementation of the new electoral system (24)
  • Lower the voting age to 16 years (24)
  • Include proportional representation as a condition of any alliance or support for a minority government (17)

Bloc

Electoral Reform

  • The Bloc Quebecois has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election.

Green

Electoral Reform

  • Will replace the current first-past-the-post voting system with a proportional representation system in time for the next federal election (19,20,73)
  • Establish a citizens’ assembly on electoral reform by March 2020 to make recommendations to Parliament on a new electoral system and implement the recommendations in time for the 2023 federal election (73)
  • Lower the voting age to 16 years (73)
  • Require all parties to submit their campaign platform cost estimates to the Parliamentary Budget Officer for review (73)
  • Mandate Elections Canada to develop a truth-in-advertising framework for election campaigns that empowers the Commissioner of Canada Elections to investigate complaints and impose sanctions related to campaign

PPC

Electoral Reform

  • The People’s Party of Canada has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election.

Liberal

Families

  • Create up to 250,000 more before- and after-school spaces for children younger than 10, lower fees for childcare by 10% across the country at a cost of $535 million per year, and mandate that 10% of new spaces be reserved for parents who work overtime, late shifts, or multiple jobs (84)
  • Establish a national secretariat to work with the provinces to create the groundwork for a pan-Canadian childcare system and national childcare standards (84)
  • Increase the Canada Child Benefit by 15%, or about $1,000, for kids younger than 1 year (87)
  • Make EI maternity and parental benefits tax-exempt so that taxes will not be taken off the EI cheque (87)
  • Establish a guaranteed paid family leave program by 2021 for parents who are ineligible for EI, which will provide a guaranteed income for the first year of their child’s life for parents who are self-employed, work part-time, or work multiple jobs (87,132)
  • Introduce 15-week paid leave for adoptive parents (87)
  • The above measures are projected to cost approximately $800 million in 2020-2021, rising to $1.2 billion in 2023-2024 (87)

Conservative

Families

  • Introduce a children’s fitness tax credit, a refundable tax credit that will allow parents to claim up to $1,000 per child or $1,500 for children with disabilities for expenses related to fitness or sports (88)
  • Introduce a children’s arts and learning tax credit, a refundable tax credit that will allow parents to claim up to $500 per child or $1,000 for children with disabilities for expenses related to arts or educational activities (88)
  • Make EI maternity and parental benefits tax-free through a 15% non-refundable tax credit (88,131)

NDP

Families

  • Commit $1 billion towards affordable, not-for-profit childcare in 2020 and increase it annually, with the goal of creating a national, universally accessible childcare system (98,116)
  • Increase childcare workers’ wages (98)

Bloc

Families

  • The Bloc Quebecois has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election

Green

Families

  • Increase childcare funding by $1 billion per year until it reaches the OECD’s benchmark of 1% of the GDP, or about $17 billion (97,98)
  • Eliminate GST on all construction costs related to childcare spaces (97,98)
  • Work with the provinces, territories, and First Nations to create a national childcare strategy, with the long-term goal of having national universal childcare (97)
  • Ensure that the locations of childcare spaces reflect the diversity of family needs and be placed along existing public transit routes (97)
  • Make parental leave better paid, more flexible, and more inclusive (97)

PPC

Families

  • The People’s Party of Canada has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election

Liberal

Foreign Aid

  • Increase funding for women and girls health and rights to $1.4 billion per year by 2023 and maintain that figure until 2030. Half to be dedicated to sexual and reproductive needs (167)
  • Increase effectiveness, transparency, and accountability of international development assistance (170)
  • Spend at least 10% of international assistance budget on education (170)
  • Lead an international campaign to ensure children living in refugee or displacement camps receive adequate education (170)
  • The Feminist International Assistance Policy will invest $150 million over five years to women’s rights-focused organizations in developing countries. By 2021-22, 80% of Canada’s international assistance will target gender equality advancement and the empowerment of women and girls. Total funding is shifting not increasing (20)
  • Since 2015 Canada’s official development aid has declined from 0.31% of gross national income to 0.26%, falling short of the internationally agreed target of 0.7%. The average contribution among the OECD Development Advisory Council countries is 0.31% (21,55)
  • Created FinDev to help achieve the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals by investing $300 million over 5 years. Recently allocated funds also include $2 billion dedicated to innovative financing programs under the International Assistance Envelope (104)

Conservative

Foreign Aid

  • Cut foreign aid by 25% by cutting aid to middle and upper income countries and "hostile regimes" (171)
  • Plan to continue Stephen Harper’s Maternal and Child Health Initiative (168)
  • Provide additional military and non-military support to Ukraine (171)
  • Use Magnitsky legislation to target “hostile regimes like Iran” (171)

NDP

Foreign Aid

  • Increase promotion of gender equality abroad with a focus on the rights, security, and access to education of women and girls in developing countries (105)
  • Raise international development assistance to 0.7% of gross national income from the current 0.26% to contribute to achieving the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. Areas of focus include: poverty alleviation, ensuring decent work, and improving global health (105)
  • Contribute more to The Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria as well as supporting health care systems in developing countries (105)

Bloc

Foreign Aid

  • The Bloc Quebecois has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election

Green

Foreign Aid

  • Bring back the Canadian International Development Agency (102)
  • Mandate that aid is directed to areas that have the greatest need. Do not tie aid to Canadian business interests (102,172)
  • Increase development assistance to 0.7% of GDP (102)
  • Increase contribution to the Green Climate Fund and Global Environmental Facility to $4 billion per year by 2030 (102)
  • Ensure federal government policy aligns with the UN’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals and develop mechanisms to track progress both domestically and internationally (102)
  • Deploy military led relief efforts in response to natural disasters (102)

PPC

Foreign Aid

  • Withdraw from all UN commitments including the Global Compact for Migration (103)
  • Eliminate international development aid while focusing solely on providing emergency international assistance in times of natural disasters, major conflicts, and health crises (103)

Liberal

Foreign Policy

  • Ratify the new NAFTA trade deal with the United States and Mexico (137)
  • Created a new department within Global Affairs which increased Canada’s foreign policy coherence (21,55)

Conservative

Foreign Policy

  • Launch “total reset” of Canada’s relationship with China, and diversify Canadian exports away from China and towards democratic nations in the Indo-Pacific region (32)
  • Recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel by moving Canada’s embassy to Jerusalem from Tel Aviv (33)
  • Start talks with the United States to join the American ballistic missile defence program (34)
  • Classify Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps as a terrorist organization (35)
  • Withdraw $250 million of investment from China’s Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (133)

NDP

Foreign Policy

  • Cease all arms sales to Saudi Arabia immediately (36)
  • Work towards a just and lasting two-state solution between Israel and Palestine (134)
  • Ensure that Canadian-made weapons are not causing conflict and human rights abuse abroad (134)

Bloc

Foreign Policy

  • Push for the right of Quebec to negotiate its own international treaties (37)
  • Push for Canada to obtain Quebec’s consent before taking any position at UNESCO (37)

Green

Foreign Policy

  • Cancel contracts that provide Saudi Arabia with armoured vehicles, and ban the importation of Saudi oil (135)
  • Sign and ratify the UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (135)
  • Review all of Canada’s NATO commitments (136)

PPC

Foreign Policy

  • Withdraw from the UN Global Compact on Migration and the Paris Agreement on climate change (38)
  • Reduce Canada’s presence in the UN to a minimum (38)
  • Will not get involved in foreign conflicts unless Canada has a compelling strategic interest in doing so (38)

Liberal

Gun Control

  • Passed Bill C-71 in June 2019 (40)
  • Ban ownership of all military-style assault weapons and launch a buyback program for legally purchased assault weapons (85,86)
  • Enable mayors to ban or increase restrictions on handguns within their municipalities (86)
  • Promote holistic solutions to gun violence, such as increasing spending on community spaces for young people (43)
  • Will not bring back the long-gun registry (86)
  • Invest an additional $50 million each year, for five years to combat gang related violence (160)
  • Require everyone importing ammunition to show proof of a valid firearms license and increase penalties for people seeking to smuggle firearms into Canada (160)
  • Strengthen safe-storage laws (160)
  • Temporarily suspend firearms licenses for people who are suspected of posing a danger to themselves or others, including their partners or kids (160)
  • Introduce a system for flagging bulk purchases of guns (160)

Conservative

Gun Control

  • Repeal Bill C-71, saying that it imposes onerous restrictions on law-abiding gun owners while doing little to combat gun and gang violence (40,67,112)
  • Create a firearms-smuggling task force within border services and increase frontline officers that would work with US authorities to target weapons smugglers (115)
  • Make it an offence to knowingly possess a smuggled firearm (115)
  • Mandate lifetime firearms bans for all serious personal injury offences and gang crimes (115)
  • Seize firearms from anyone detained under provincial mental health legislation until their condition improves (115)
  • Prohibit gun ownership and give jail time to anyone who knowingly provides a firearm to a criminal or to someone with a gun ban (115)

NDP

Gun Control

  • Supported Bill C-71 (41,67)
  • Increase funding to border services to stem illegal firearm importation from the United States (69,70)
  • Increase funding for anti-gang community initiatives in cities (71)
  • Allow cities to ban firearms (69,70)
  • Address causes of gun violence, such as poverty, racial discrimination, gaps in mental health services, and a lack of affordable housing (69,70)

Bloc

Gun Control

  • The Bloc Quebecois has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election.
  • Supported Bill C-71 (67)

Green

Gun Control

  • Supported Bill C-71 (67)
  • Launch a confidential buyback program for assault weapons and handguns and support bans on both (72)
  • Redirect border services to focus more on weapon smuggling and less on people who are law-abiding but living in Canada without official status (72)

PPC

Gun Control

  • Did not vote on Bill C-71 (67)
  • Repeal Bill C-68 of 1995 (113)
  • Increase availability of gun safety courses (68)
  • Replace firearms licenses with a lifetime certification system for gun owners that complete mandatory vetting, safety training, and testing (113)
  • Reorganize Canada’s firearms classification system to focus more on the gun’s function (68,113)
  • Remove restrictions on magazine size (68)
  • Mandate that any changes to firearms regulation be completed through Parliament only, not the RCMP or a cabinet (113)

Liberal

Healthcare

  • Invest $6 billion over the next four years to begin implementation of national pharmacare, ensure everyone has access to primary care, improve access to home care and palliative care, and establish national standards for access to mental health services (56,146)
  • An advisory panel created by the Liberals set the price of implementing pharmacare at $3.5 billion over the course of 10 years starting in 2022 and rising to $15.3 billion annually by 2027 (173)
  • End the ban on blood donations by men who have sex with men (173)
  • Establish the Canada Drug Agency to coordinate bulk drug purchases, negotiate drug prices, implement a drug strategy for rare diseases, and establish a national formulary that identifies the most effective, lowest-priced drugs (56,146,166)
  • Make changes to the Patented Medicine Prices Review Board so that it will no longer compare prices of prescription drugs with the United States and Switzerland, saving an estimated $13 billion in the next decade (138)

Conservative

Healthcare

  • Will not bring in pharmacare (123)
  • Increase the Canada Health Transfer and the Canada Social Transfer by at least three per cent every year (57, 144)
  • Spend $1.5 billion to buy new medical imaging equipment for facilities across Canada (56, 144)

NDP

Healthcare

  • Spend $10 billion per year to create a universal pharmacare program by 2020 (56)
  • Expand coverage to include mental health, dental, eye and hearing coverage (123)
  • Extend public dental coverage for households making less than $70,000 per year, beginning in 2020 (56, 143)
  • Force drug companies to disclose confidential price rebates they offer to public and private drug coverage payers (57)
  • Establish a national suicide prevention action plan (57)
  • Declare a national public health emergency for the opioid crisis (57)
  • Launch an investigation into the role of drug companies in fuelling the opioid epidemic to determine whether criminal charges or civil action is warranted (57)
  • End the ban on blood donations by men who have sex with men (142, 143)
  • Ensure that there is equal access to gender confirming surgery across the country, and that these procedures and medications are covered by public health plans (142, 143)

Bloc

Healthcare

  • Compensate Quebec for any drug price increase caused by CUSMA being enacted (123)
  • Make the caregiver tax credit become a refundable tax credit (139)
  • Make it easier to get a tax credit for home-care expenses by granting the credit automatically, based on a simple calculation (139)
  • Reduce the price of brand-name drugs by removing the United States as a reference for determining the price of all drugs (144)

Green

Healthcare

  • Expand public health care to include pharmacare, establishing a Crown corporation to bulk purchase and dispense prescription drugs (56)
  • Extend free dental care to those with low-incomes (56,119)
  • Change the federal/provincial Health Accord, basing health transfers on demographics and health care needs in each province, replacing the current formula based on GDP growth (119)
  • Declare a national health emergency, create a national drug reduction strategy, build more safe injection sites, increase funding for drug testing and naloxone kits, and regulate the distribution of prescription pharmaceuticals to combat the opioid epidemic and reduce addictions (56, 141)
  • Holds that every Canadian should have the right to a “living will” to limit or deny medical treatment (123)
  • Develop national health care guidelines that incentivize active lifestyles as well as healthy diets and choices (56)
  • Pass legislation that gives Canadians the right to a healthy environment (57)
  • Ban for-profit blood collection services and end the ban on blood donations by men who have sex with men (57)
  • Ban the practice of medically unnecessary surgeries on intersex children (57)
  • Reduce drug patent protection periods (57)
  • Uphold Jordan's Principle in full, implement Calls to Action 18-24 from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and support indigenous peoples in rebuilding traditional knowledge systems around healing and wellness, including the formal inclusion of traditional healing within mental wellness and home and community care programs (119)

PPC

Healthcare

  • Make provinces and territories responsible for funding and managing health services by replacing the current system of intergovernmental cash payments with a transfer of tax points of equivalent value, such as GST, to give Provinces their own stable source of funding and responsibility for such funding in the future (56,123, 145)
  • Establish a temporary program to compensate poorer provinces whose revenues will be lower than the transfer payments they used to receive (145)
  • Increase options for private healthcare (123)

Liberal

Housing

  • Committed $55 billion towards a national housing strategy that aims to build up to 125,000 new affordable housing units and halve chronic homelessness over 10 years (183)
  • Create the Canada Housing Benefit to give an average of $2,500 per year for rental assistance to 300,000 households as part of the national housing strategy (199)
  • Created the First-Time Home Buyer Incentive (147,148)
  • Increase the maximum qualifying home value for the First-Time Home Buyer Incentive to almost $800,000 in Toronto, Vancouver, and Victoria (149)
  • Apply a 1% vacancy and speculation tax on residential properties owned by non-resident non-Canadians (149)
  • Ensure that Statistics Canada, the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, and the CRA have the tools to accurately track foreign ownership and speculation in Canada (149)
  • Provide interest-free loans of up to $40,000 to retrofit homes with energy-saving renovations, with a goal of retrofitting 1.5 million homes (184)
  • Create a $5,000 grant for newly built homes that are certified zero-emissions buildings (184)

Conservative

Housing

  • Change the mortgage stress test to make it easier for first-time home buyers to get a mortgage, and remove the stress test from mortgage renewals (174)
  • Increase amortization periods on insured mortgages from 25 to 30 years for first-time home buyers, lowering monthly payments (174)
  • Launch an inquiry into money laundering in the real estate sector and work with industry partners to stop practices that inflate housing prices (174)
  • Remove the GST from home heating costs (174)
  • Make surplus federal real estate sites available for development to increase the supply of housing (174)
  • Create a two-year tax credit that allows homeowners to receive a 20% refundable income tax credit for energy-saving home renovations that cost between $1,000 and $20,000 (162)

NDP

Housing

  • Spend an additional $5 billion to create 250,000 units of affordable housing in the next five years, increasing to 500,000 units in the next ten years (175)
  • Set up dedicated fast-start funds to streamline the application process for co-op, social, and nonprofit housing projects (175,198)
  • Waive the federal portion of the GST/HST on the construction of new affordable rental units (175)
  • Increase amortization periods on insured mortgages from 25 to 30 years for first-time home buyers with entry-level homes, lowering monthly payments (175)
  • Double the First-Time Home Buyers’ Tax Credit to $1,500 (175)
  • Put in place a foreign buyers’ tax on home sales to individuals who aren’t Canadian citizens or permanent residents (175)
  • Fight money laundering by creating a public registry of beneficial ownership to increase transparency about property owners and requiring the reporting of suspicious transactions (175)
  • Create a low-interest loan program for retrofitting homes repayable through energy savings (164)

Bloc

Housing

  • Maintain existing levels of funding for social housing and invest additional funding progressively until reaching 1% of total federal revenue, or about $3 million (182)
  • Demand $3 billion from the federal government without conditions for social housing in order to not hamper the work of existing Quebecois programs (182)
  • Implement a tax credit for energy-saving and accessibility renovations of multigenerational residences (182)
  • Introduce financial incentives for energy-saving retrofits of residential housing, similar to the previous ecoENERGY program (181)

Green

Housing

  • Legislate housing as a legally protected fundamental human right for all Canadian citizens and permanent residents (176)
  • Appoint a Minister of Housing to oversee the implementation of the national housing strategy, and set a target of 25,000 new and 15,000 rehabilitated units annually for the next 10 years (176)
  • Increase the National Housing Co-Investment Fund and the Canada Housing Benefit by $750 million each for new builds and for rental assistance to 125,000 households (176)
  • Review the First-Time Home Buyer Incentive to ensure that it does not facilitate housing speculation (200)
  • Restore tax incentives for building purpose-built rental housing and provide tax credits for gifts of land and/or buildings to community land trusts to provide affordable housing (177)
  • Refocus the core mandate of Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation to support the development of affordable, non-market, and co-op housing, and create a co-op housing strategy (176,177)
  • Finance energy-saving retrofits and the installation of renewable energy technology in residential, commercial, and institutional buildings through direct grants, zero-interest loans, and repayments based on energy/cost savings (101)

PPC

Housing

  • Increase affordability of housing by reducing immigration, ending supply management, and lowering taxes (180)

Liberal

Pipelines

  • Do not intend to revive Energy East pipeline, a cancelled project proposed to run from Alberta to New Brunswick (186)
  • Move forward with the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion, an addition to the existing oil pipeline purchased from Kinder Morgan by the federal government in 2018 (187)
  • Invest tax revenues and profits from the Trans Mountain expansion project in natural climate solutions and clean energy projects (188)
  • Support pipeline construction to help market fossil fuels to buyers outside of the United States, provided adequate Indigenous consultation and environmental assessment (187)

Conservative

Pipelines

  • Repeal Bill C-69 (189)
  • Repeal Bill C-48 (190)
  • Invoke federal jurisdiction to move future infrastructure projects, such as pipelines, forward (189)
  • Enact legislation to clarify the roles of stakeholders in pipeline proposal consultations and make approval schedules more predictable for investors (189)

NDP

Pipelines

  • Abandon the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion (191)
  • Will not approve national infrastructure projects, such as pipelines, without the support of the provincial governments involved (192)

Bloc

Pipelines

  • Helped stop the Energy East pipeline (163)
  • Oppose the federal imposition of infrastructure projects, such as pipelines, in Quebec without the province’s support (193)

Green

Pipelines

  • Cancel the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion project and redirect its funding towards renewable energy projects (194)
  • Will not support a minority government that intends to go ahead with the Trans Mountain expansion project (195)
  • Will not approve any new pipelines (194)
  • Gradually eliminate existing oil and gas operations, removing the need for pipelines (194)

PPC

Pipelines

  • Invoke federal jurisdiction to move future infrastructure projects, such as pipelines, forward (196)
  • Repeal Bill C-69 (196)
  • Repeal Bill C-48 (196)
  • Increase the efficiency of the pipeline approval process (196)
  • Sell the Trans Mountain pipeline system to a private entity (196)

Liberal

Refugees and Asylum Seekers

  • Made refugees ineligible to apply for asylum in Canada if they have applied for asylum in another country that is deemed safe by Canada (13)
  • Allocate $1.18 billion over five years to speed up the processing of asylum claims and improve security and law enforcement at the border (16)

Conservative

Refugees and Asylum Seekers

  • Renegotiate the Safe Third Country Agreement with the United States to close a loophole that allows asylum seekers to make a refugee claim from within Canada if they entered at an unofficial border crossing (4,16)
  • End illegal border crossings at unofficial points of entry like Roxham Road (4,12)
  • Promote the private sponsorship of refugees (4,12)

NDP

Refugees and Asylum Seekers

  • Suspend the Safe Third Country Agreement with the United States so that refugees claim asylum at official border crossings (1,2)
  • Work through the current backlog of asylum claimants (1)
  • Establish a separate applicant stream for LGBTQI2S+ asylum seekers (3)

Bloc

Refugees and Asylum Seekers

  • Suspend Canada’s Safe Third Country Agreement with the United States (56)
  • Require the federal government to grant Quebec a veto on any federal decision to expel refugees (56)

Green

Refugees and Asylum Seekers

  • Terminate the Safe Third Country Agreement, as the United States should no longer be considered a safe country for refugees (23,83)
  • Lead a national dialogue to define “environmental refugee” and add it as an accepted category for asylum claims (11,82)

PPC

Refugees and Asylum Seekers

  • Reduce the total number of accepted immigrants and refugees to between 100,000 and 150,000 per year (5,6,10,14,15)
  • Build border fences on the Canada–United States border to prevent asylum seekers from crossing at unofficial entry points (14,15)
  • End reliance on the United Nations for refugee selection, instead relying on civil society, faith-based organizations, and private sponsorship (5,6,10)

Liberal

Telecom.

  • Issued a Policy Direction to the CRTC to consider competition, affordability, consumer interests, and innovation in all of its telecommunications decisions (79)
  • Reduce cell phone bills by 25% in two years by working with providers to reduce price and introduce unlimited family plans (106)
  • Open market to new competition by requiring major providers to lease network capacity to MVNOs (106)
  • Implement further changes if prices don’t decrease enough after two years (106)
  • Ensure all Canadians have access to high-speed internet by 2030 by spending $1 billion over five years, in addition to the $1.7 billion committed in the 2019 budget (106)

Conservative

Telecom.

  • The Conservative Party of Canada has not yet released anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election

NDP

Telecom.

  • Implement a price cap based on average international prices for mobile and internet services (50)
  • Require providers to offer a basic plan for mobile and internet service (51)
  • Require providers to offer unlimited wireless data options at affordable rates (51)
  • Eliminate data caps for broadband internet (51)
  • Introduce a telecom consumers’ bill of rights that governs wireless and internet sales and services practices (51)

Bloc

Telecom.

  • Create a Quebecois CRTC and cede federal regulation of telecommunications and broadcasting in Quebec to the Quebec government (81)

Green

Telecom.

  • Amend CRTC regulations to increase competition in mobile and internet services (76)
  • Ensure cell phone rates are affordable for all Canadians (52)
  • Require providers to separate cell phone payments from cell service payments (76)
  • Ban Huawei from Canada’s 5G network (77)
  • Create a universal broadband strategy that ensures high-speed internet across the country (52)

PPC

Telecom.

  • The People’s Party of Canada has not yet release anything specifically related to this topic for the upcoming election
  • Pledged during the 2017 Conservative Party leadership election to abolish the CRTC and open the telecommunications industry to foreign competition (80)

Liberal

Trade

  • Struck new NAFTA deal with the US; however, deal must still be ratified by U.S lawmakers. Conceded on greater access to Canadian dairy, chicken, and egg markets (123)
  • The new NAFTA deal preserves more than $2 billion per day in cross-border trade between Canada and the US (169)
  • Removed steel and aluminum tariffs of 25% imposed by Trump in 2018 (169)

Conservative

Trade

  • Implement Interprovincial Free Trade Agreement by working with provinces (137)

NDP

Trade

  • Would make changes to the new NAFTA deal over concerns about drug price increases (123)
  • Dismantle the Invest in Canada agency and create iCanada, a device within the federal government to help attract investors to Canada to promote Canadian industry internationally (110)
  • Ensure all trade deals are in accordance with the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (110)
  • Enact transparency of trade negotiations and ensure trade unions to have ability to initiate trade disputes (110)
  • Convene an auto summit with provincial, municipal, and industry leaders to develop a National Automotive Strategy to attract and retain investment. Restore Automotive Innovation Fund. Commission an independent study into the automotive trade deficit with Mexico (110)
  • Give Export Development Canada a stronger mandate to recruit and retain investment in automotive plants and export-focused manufacturing (110)
  • Enforce stricter labeling rules on and a Boat-to-Plate traceability standard to combat seafood fraud. Support marketing of quality Canadian seafood both domestically and internationally (110)
  • Require use of Canadian steel and aluminum for infrastructure projects across the country (137)

Bloc

Trade

  • Criticized the new NAFTA, CETA, and TPP for their impact on Quebec’s producers. Will introduce bill to prevent cuts to supply management in future agreements (137)

Green

Trade

  • Generally supports new NAFTA agreement. Concerned about impact on supply management and drug costs (123)
  • Renegotiate Canada’s trade and investment agreements to remove the Investor State Dispute Settlement provisions which give foreign firms the ability to challenge government laws and policies (111, 137)
  • Revamp national trade policy to align with national and international climate change plans (137)

PPC

Trade

  • Criticized NAFTA negotiations for not doing away with Supply Management entirely (123)
  • Use section 91(2) of the Constitution to give Ottawa exclusive power to regulate matters of international and interprovincial trade (137)
  • Appoint a Minister of Internal Trade to conduct studies, raise public awareness, and remove interprovincial trade barriers (137)